National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
Urology Care Foundation http://www.urologyhealth.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Prostate Cancer Canada http://www.prostatecancer.ca
Causes, natural history and diagnosis of prostate cancer. Urology Care Foundation website. Available at:
http://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/prostate-cancer/causes. Updated April 2014. Accessed September 25, 2014.
How is prostate cancer diagnosed? American Cancer Society website. Available at:
http://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostatecancer/detailedguide/prostate-cancer-diagnosis. Updated September 12, 2014. Accessed September 15, 2014.
Prostate biopsy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 11, 2014. Accessed September 25, 2014.
Rodriguez LV, Terris MK. Risks and complications of transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy: a prospective study and review of the literature.
J Urol. 1998;160(6-I):2115-2120.
Tiong HY, Liew LC, Samuel M, Consigliere D, Esuvaranathan K. A meta-analysis of local anesthesia for transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy of the prostate.
Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2007;10(2):127-136.
Understanding prostate changes: A health guide for men. National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health website. Available at:
http://www.cancer.gov/types/prostate/understanding-prostate-changes. Accessed September 25, 2014.
6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, et al. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Am J Med.
7/13/2016 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Gershman B, Van Houten HK, et al. Impact of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening trials and revised PSA screening guidelines on rates of prostate biopsy and postbiopsy complications. Eur Urol. 2016 Mar 16.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.
It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.
Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.
How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.
Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.
This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.
Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.
You clicked on a link that will cause you to leave myWellmont.
For security purposes you will be signed out.