• Reducing Your Risk of Infection in Pregnancy

    There are a few steps you can take to reduce your risk of getting an infection in pregnancy. They include the following:

    Practice Good Hygiene

    Good hygiene includes washing your hands often. Hand washing is the best way to prevent some contagious infections during pregnancy. Good hygiene also includes not sharing food, drinks, or utensils. This is especially important if you work with large groups of children and if you already have young children at home. Hands should always be washed after changing diapers and helping children with their own hygiene.

    Be Immunized

    It is best to obtain any needed immunizations several months before your pregnancy. If needed, you can safely receive some vaccines, such as the flu vaccine , during pregnancy.
    If you are planning to become pregnant, talk with your doctor about whether you need immunizations for the following diseases:
    There are several infections that have no vaccine available. You can reduce your risk of getting these infections by practicing good hygiene and avoiding direct contact with infected people.

    Avoid Exposure to Diseases

    • Avoid travel to high-risk locations. If you are planning to travel during pregnancy, talk with your doctor about the safety of your destination.
    • Make sure children and other family household members are up-to-date with their immunizations.
    • Have someone else change the cat’s litter box. Or, wear gloves and wash hands carefully after doing this. Also, wear gloves while gardening, and wash hands after working in the yard.
    • Maintain a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested for STDs and is not infected. If you have a new partner during pregnancy, use latex condoms every time you have intercourse.

    Avoid Contaminated Food

    • Avoid soft cheeses.
    • Avoid all rare or uncooked meat.
    • Cook leftover food or ready-to-eat foods until they are steaming hot.
    • Avoid foods from delicatessen counters, or thoroughly heat cold cuts and hot dogs before eating.

    References

    Foods to avoid during pregnancy. American Pregnancy Association website. Available at: http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancyhealth/foodstoavoid.html. Accessed July 8, 2009.

    Good health before pregnancy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/publications/patient%5Feducation/bp056.cfm . Accessed July 8, 2009.

    Group B streptococcus and pregnancy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/publications/patient%5Feducation/bp105.cfm . Accessed July 8, 2009.

    Hepatitis B virus in pregnancy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/publications/patient%5Feducation/bp093.cfm. Accessed July 8, 2009.

    HIV and pregnancy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/publications/patient%5Feducation/bp113.cfm Accessed July 8, 2009.

    Nutrition during pregnancy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/publications/patient%5Feducation/bp001.cfm. Accessed July 8, 2009.

    Respiratory infections during pregnancy. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/women/pregnancy/illness/582.html Accessed July 8, 2009.

    Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/women/pregnancy/illness/180.html Accessed July 8, 2009.

    Revision Information

  • Join WellZones today.

    Make a Change For LifeLearn more

    Wellmont LiveWell is creating a new tradition of wellness in the mountains by providing individuals with tools and encouragement to live healthier lifestyles.

  • HeartSHAPE Spotlight

    At risk for a heart attack? Learn more

    Fight heart disease early and prevent heart attacks with HeartSHAPE® - a painless, non-invasive test that takes pictures of your heart to scan for early-stage coronary disease.

  • Calories and Energy Needs

    Calorie NeedsLearn more

    How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.

  • Ideal Body Weight

    Ideal Body WeightLearn more

    Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.

  • Body Mass Index

    Body Mass IndexLearn more

    This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.


  • Can we help answer your questions?

    Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.