• Risk Factors for Chlamydia

    A risk factor is something that increases your chances of getting a disease or condition. Each of the multiple kinds of chlamydial infection has a different set of risk factors and can be considered a separate disease entity.
    Sexually transmitted chlamydial infections are transferred from one person to another by direct contact with genital tissues. Chlamydia is highly contagious and one of the most common sexually transmitted disease.

    Risk Factors for Chlamydial ST I s

    Risk Factors for Neonatal Chlamydia

    Neonatal chlamydia is the same organism transmitted during childbirth from an infected mother to her baby. It is a common cause of newborn conjunctivitis and is so common that every newborn in the US is treated to prevent it. Infants born to infected mothers are at risk of developing chlamydial conjunctivitis and chlamydial pneumonia .

    Risk Factors for Respiratory Chlamydia

    Psittacosis or Ornithosis is a lung infection caused by a different type of chlamydia called Chlamydia psittaci . This bacteria infect s the respiratory system and enter the body when they are inhaled. These germs in spore form are wafted into the air from infected birds. The risk is limited to those in contact with infected birds. The organisms which cause respiratory chlamydia are related to, but different from, the chlamydia organism which causes sexually transmitted disease. You cannot get any kind of sexually transmitted disease from contact with birds.
    Risk factors for respiratory chlamydia include contact with birds, especially psittacines (parrots, parakeets, budgies), but also barnyard birds (ducks, chickens, and turkeys), pigeons, and most other kinds.

    Risk factors for Ocular Chlamydia

    Trachoma is yet another chlamydial infection by a different strain of this group of bacteria . Trachoma is an infection of the eye cause d by Chlamydia trachomatis . The germ is carried from one person to another by direct contact or by intermediate objects .
    The risk of acquiring trachoma is high in endemic areas such as Africa, India, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East, and especially for children. Risk factors include:
    • Poor facial cleanliness
    • Poor sanitation
    • Poor access to water

    References

    Chlamydia fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-Chlamydia.htm . Updated Feburaray 8, 2012. Accessed October 6, 2012.

    Chlamydia genital infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated September 7, 2012. Accessed October 6, 2012.

    Chlamydia. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/chlamydia/understanding/Pages/cause.aspx . Updated August 20, 2010. Accessed October 6, 2012.

    Chlamydia. National Women's Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/chlamydia.cfm . Updated July 8, 2011. Accessed October 6, 2012.

    Psittacosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/psittacosis%5Ft.htm . Published October 2005. Accessed October 6, 2012.

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

    Trachoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 21, 2012. Accessed October 6, 2012.

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