• Reducing Your Risk of Chlamydia

    You can help prevent chlamydial STIs by:
    • Abstaining from sex.
    • Having a mutually monogamous, lifelong relationship.
    You can reduce your risk of acquiring STIs or developing their long-term consequences by taking the following measures:
    • Always use a latex condom throughout sexual activity. Follow directions for proper use.
    • Get checked regularly for sexually transmitted infections, especially if you are under the age of 25 or have more than one sexual partner.
    • Get immunization for preventable sexually transmitted infections. There is not yet a vaccine for chlamydia.
    If you already have chlamydia, you can prevent its transmission by:
    • Making sure that all sexual partners are tested and treated.
    • Refraining from sexual activity until at least 7 days after your infection is treated
    You can reduce your risk of getting infected again by helping your partner to get tested and treated.
    Other forms of chlamydia may be prevented by avoiding close contact with birds in endemic areas. Regular prenatal check-ups, including testing for STIs, is also important. Every newborn is routinely treated to prevent neonatal infection from either chlamydia or gonorrhea .

    References

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

    Chlamydia fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-Chlamydia.htm . Updated Feburaray 8, 2012. Accessed October 6, 2012.

    Chlamydia genital infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated September 7, 2012. Accessed October 6, 2012.

    Chlamydia. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/chlamydia/understanding/Pages/cause.aspx . Updated August 20, 2010. Accessed October 6, 2012.

    Chlamydia. National Women's Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/chlamydia.cfm . Updated July 8, 2011. Accessed October 6, 2012.

    Golden MR, Whittington WL, Handsfield HH, et al. Effect of expedited treatment of sex partners on recurrent or persistent gonorrhea or chlamydial infection. N Engl J Med. 2005;352:676-685.

    2/15/2007 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Trelle S, Shang A, Nartey L, Cassell JA, Low N. Improved effectiveness of partner notification for patients with sexually transmitted infections: systematic review. BMJ . 2007 Jan 19. [Epub ahead of print].

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