• Reducing Your Risk of Genital Herpes

    Any person who is sexually active can be infected with genital herpes. Abstaining from oral, vaginal, and anal sex is the most assured way to remain uninfected. However, if you are sexually active, there are steps you can take to help reduce your risk of becoming infected with genital herpes:
    • Have a mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner.
    • Always use a latex condom during all sexual activity. Proper and consistent use of condoms is important in order for them to be effective.
    • Avoid kissing and oral sex if your partner has cold sores. Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) can be spread to the genital and anal areas through oral sex.
    • Avoid risky behaviors, such as unprotected or anonymous sex.
    • Know your status and your partner's status. Openly discuss sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
    • Have regular checkups and get any recommended screening tests.
    • Behavioral counseling may be advised if you are a sexually active person who engages in risky sexual practices.
    • Talk to your doctor about your risk factors and any concerns you have about STDs.
    STD testing is the best way to monitor your status and your partner's status. Don't let the cost of healthcare deter you from knowing your status. Many local clinics and health facilities offer free screening tests.

    References

    2015 Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/default.htm. Updated March 9, 2016. Accessed June 6, 2016.

    Beauman JG. Genital herpes: a review. Am Fam Physician. 2005;72(8):1527-1534.

    Genital herpes. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 8, 2016. Accessed June 6, 2016.

    Genital herpes—CDC fact sheet (detailed). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/herpes/stdfact-herpes-detailed.htm. Updated November 17, 2015. Accessed June 6, 2016.

    Jones CA. Vertical transmission of genital herpes: prevention and treatment options. Drugs. 2009;69(4):421-434.

    3/17/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: LeFevre ML, US Preventive Services Task Force. Behavioral counseling interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2014;161(12):894-901.

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