• Vaginal Yeast Infection

    (Vaginal Candidiasis; Candida Vulvovaginitis; Yeast Infection; Monilial Vulvovaginitis; Vulvovaginal Candidiasis; VVC)


    A vaginal yeast infection is irritation of the vagina and the outside area around it, called the vulva.
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    A yeast infection is caused by an overgrowth of fungus that is normally found in small amounts in the vagina.

    Risk Factors

    Factors that may increase your chance of a yeast infection include:
    • Situations that can cause hormonal changes, such as birth control pills , pregnancy, or menopause
    • Broad-spectrum antibiotics
    • Douching—irrigating the vagina
    • Diabetes, especially when blood sugar is not well-controlled
    • A compromised immune system from health conditions, such as HIV infection or chronic use of oral steroid medication


    A vaginal yeast infection may cause:
    • Mild to severe itching
    • A clumpy vaginal discharge that may look like cottage cheese
    • Soreness, irritation, or burning
    • Rash or redness on the skin outside the vagina
    • Painful urination
    • Painful sexual intercourse


    You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. A swab test of vaginal discharge will taken to confirm the diagnosis.
    It is important to see a doctor if you have symptoms. Other health conditions, such as sexually transmitted diseases, have symptoms that are similar to a yeast infection. These can include bacterial vaginosis , chlamydia , or gonorrhea .



    Depending on the severity of the infection, your doctor may recommend over-the-counter or prescription antifungal medication. Antifungal medications are available as oral tablets, intravaginal creams, or suppositories.


    To help reduce your chance of a yeast infection:
    • Dry the outside vaginal area thoroughly after a shower, bath, or swim.
    • Don't douche.
    • If you have diabetes, try to control your blood sugar.
    • Avoid frequent or prolonged use of antibiotics if possible.


    American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org

    Women's Health—US Department of Health and Human Services http://www.womenshealth.gov


    The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org

    Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca


    Vaginal yeast infection. Office on Women's Health website. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/vaginal-yeast-infections.html. Updated January 6, 2015. Accessed June 7, 2016.

    Vulvovaginal candidiasis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116590/Vulvovaginal-candidiasis. Updated April 27, 2016. Accessed June 7, 2016.

    Yeast infections. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/yeast-infections.html. Updated April 2014. Accessed June 7, 2016.

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