Dystonia Medical Research Foundation http://www.dystonia-foundation.org
National Spasmodic Torticollis Association http://www.torticollis.org
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Cervical dystonia. Dystonia Medical Research Foundation website. Available at:
https://www.dystonia-foundation.org/what-is-dystonia/forms-of-dystonia/focal-dystonias/cervical-dystonia. Accessed June 2, 2016.
Cervical dystonia. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T132176/Cervical-dystonia. Updated August 23, 2016. Accessed September 14, 2016.
Collins A, Jankovic J. Botulinum toxin injection for congenital muscular torticollis presenting in children and adults.
Corrado G, Fossati C, et al. Irritable oesophagus: A new cause of Sandifer's syndrome.
Acta Paediatr. 2006;95:1509-1510.
Dystonias fact sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at:
http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dystonias/detail%5Fdystonias.htm. Updated February 1, 2016. Accessed June 2, 2016.
Herman MJ. Torticollis in infants and children: common and unusual causes.
Instr Course Lect. 2006;55:647-653.
Hoehn KS, Capouya JD, et al. Lemierre-like syndrome caused by community-associated
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus complicated by hemorrhagic pericarditis.
Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010;11(3):e32-5.
Marion MH, Humberstone M, Grunewald R, Wimalaratna S. British Neurotoxin Network recommendations for managing cervical dystonia in patients with a poor response to Botulinum toxin. Pract Neurol. 2016;0:1-8. Available at:
http://pn.bmj.com/content/early/2016/03/14/practneurol-2015-001335.full.pdf+html. Accessed June 2, 2016.
Preto TE, Dalvi A, et al. A prospective blinded evaluation of deep brain stimulation for the treatment of secondary dystonia and primary torticollis syndromes.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.
It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.
Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.
How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.
Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.
This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.
Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.
You clicked on a link that will cause you to leave myWellmont.
For security purposes you will be signed out.