American College of Cardiology http://www.cardiosource.org
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://www.heartandstroke.ca
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http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/CongenitalHeartDefects/TheImpactofCongenitalHeartDefects/Congestive-Heart-Failure%5FUCM%5F307111%5FArticle.jsp#.WEWiT02QwdU. Updated January 24, 2011. Accessed September 29, 2014.
Explore heart failure. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at:
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hf. Accessed March 27, 2014. Accessed September 29, 2014.
Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114099/Heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction. Updated November 22, 2016. Accessed December 5, 2016.
Hunt, SA, Abraham, WT, Chin, MH, et al. ACC/AHA 2005 Guideline Update for the diagnosis and management of chronic heart failure in the adult: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines.
Lifestyle changes for heart failure. American Heart Association website. Available at:
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartFailure/PreventionTreatmentofHeartFailure/Lifestyle-Changes-for-Heart-Failure%5FUCM%5F306341%5FArticle.jsp#.WEWi1k2QwdU. Updated September 20, 2012. Accessed September 29, 2014.
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Physical changes to report. American Heart Association website. Available at:
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4/16/2009 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114099/Heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction: Nilsson BB, Westheim A, Risberg MA. Effects of group-based high-intensity aerobic interval training in patients with chronic heart failure.
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http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114476/Antihypertensive-medication-selection-and-management: Levitan EB, Wolk A, Mittleman MA. Consistency with the DASH diet and incidence of heart failure.
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11/25/2013 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance.
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T566763/Heart-failure-alternative-treatments: Madmani ME, Yusuf Solaiman A, Tamr Agha K, et al. Coenzyme Q10 for heart failure. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;(6):CD008684.
4/2/2014 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T905359/Choosing-Wisely: Updated July 23, 2015.
1/18/2017 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T113766/Coronary-artery-disease-possible-risk-factors: Emdin CA, Odutayo A, Wong CX, Tran J, Hsiao AJ, Hunn BH. Meta-analysis of anxiety as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Am J Cardiol. 2016;118(4):511-519.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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