American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine http://www.sportsmed.org
OrthoInfo—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 5, 2015. Accessed March 3, 2015.
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00549. Updated March 2014. Accessed March 3, 2015.
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries: treatment and rehabilitation. Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine and Science website. Available at:
http://sportsci.org/encyc/aclinj/aclinj.html. Updated April 18, 1998. Accessed March 3, 2015.
ACL Injury: Does It Require Surgery? American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00297. Updated September 2009. Accessed March 3, 2015.
Griffin LY, Agel J, et al.
Noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries: risk factors and prevention strategies.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg.
Knee sprains and meniscal injuries. Merck Manual for Health Care Professionals. Available at:
http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries%5Fpoisoning/fractures%5Fdislocations%5Fand%5Fsprains/knee%5Fsprains%5Fand%5Fmeniscal%5Finjuries.html. Updated December 2014. Accessed March 3, 2015.
Ligament injuries to the knee. John Hopkins Medicine website. Available at.
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/adult/orthopaedic%5Fdisorders/ligament%5Finjuries%5Fto%5Fthe%5Fknee%5F85,P00926. Accessed March 3, 2015.
7/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Prodromos CC, Han Y, et al. A meta-analysis of the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament tears as a function of gender, sport, and a knee injury-reduction regimen.
5/12/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Anterior cruciate ligament injuries: Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Pediatrics. 2014 Apr [Epub ahead of print].
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.
It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.
Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.
How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.
Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.
This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.
Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.
You clicked on a link that will cause you to leave myWellmont.
For security purposes you will be signed out.