14177 Health Library | Health and Wellness | Wellmont Health System
  • Testicular Self-Exam (TSE)

    DS Body Beautiful 57 A testicular self-exam is an examination that you do on your testicles. It is a way for you to notice any changes, lumps, or abnormalities in your testicles. These changes may be a sign of testicular cancer. The American Cancer Society does not make a recommendation about regular testicular self-exams for all men. However, many doctors do recommend that men after puberty do monthly self-exams. Talk with you doctor about the risks and benefits of monthly self-exams. It is especially important to talk with your doctor if you are at high risk for testicular cancer.
    Factors that can increase your risk for testicular cancer include:
    If your doctor recommends doing monthly self-exams, follow the steps below.

    Steps for a Testicular Self-exam

    1. To make it easier to remember, select some specific day (such as the first day of the month) when you will routinely perform this exam.
    2. It is easier to do the exam while standing up after a warm bath or shower. The warmth makes the skin of the scrotum more soft and relaxed, so it is easier to examine the testicular surface underneath it.
    3. \How To\Images\NEW ONES MOVE LATER\How To Perform a Testicular Exam\JPG\Testicular.jpg Take extra time on your first self-exam to find out how your testicles feel normally. For example, the back surface contains the epididymis, which stores sperm from the testicles. It feels like a small bump on the side of the testis, which might be mistaken for an abnormal growth if you are unaware of the area.
    4. How To Perform a Testicular Exam\JPG\Testicular 6.jpg Hold each testis in your hand, feeling whether its size or weight have changed since your last self-exam.
    5. Look at your testes in the mirror to see if there are any changes.
    6. Hold an individual testis in both hands and roll it slowly with the thumb and fingers of your hand, feeling for small lumps or areas of soreness. The most common first finding of testicular cancer is a small, firm lump attached to the testis.
    If you notice any changes, lumps, or other abnormalities, see your doctor right away.
    In addition, if you feel aching in the lower abdomen or groin, or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum, tell your doctor. This may be a warning sign of cancer.

    RESOURCES

    American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org

    American Urological Association http://www.auanet.org

    National Cancer Institute http://cancer.gov

    CANADIAN RESOURCES

    Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca

    Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

    References

    Goldenring JM. Equal time for men: teaching testicular self-examination [editorial]. J Adolesc Health Care. 1986;7:273.

    Rovito MJ, Gordon TF, Bass SB, et at. Perceptions of testicular cancer and testicular self-examination among college men: a report on intention, vulnerability, and promotional material preferences. Am J Mens Health. 2011;5(6):500-507.

    Seminoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated January 3, 2013. Accessed January 29, 2013.

    Shaw J. Diagnosis and treatment of testicular cancer. Am Fam Physician. 2008;77(4):469-474.

    Testicular cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003142-pdf.pdf. Updated January 17, 2013. Accessed on January 29, 2013.

    Zoltick BH. Shedding light on testicular cancer. Nurse Pract. 2011;36(7):32-39.

    Revision Information

  • Join WellZones today.

    Make a Change For LifeLearn more

    Wellmont LiveWell is creating a new tradition of wellness in the mountains by providing individuals with tools and encouragement to live healthier lifestyles.

  • HeartSHAPE Spotlight

    At risk for a heart attack? Learn more

    Fight heart disease early and prevent heart attacks with HeartSHAPE® - a painless, non-invasive test that takes pictures of your heart to scan for early-stage coronary disease.

  • Calories and Energy Needs

    Calorie NeedsLearn more

    How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.

  • Ideal Body Weight

    Ideal Body WeightLearn more

    Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.

  • Body Mass Index

    Body Mass IndexLearn more

    This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.


  • Can we help answer your questions?

    Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.