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  • When Toddlers Explore Their Bodies

    IMAGE While I was pregnant, I dreamed of the special times my daughter and I would share when she was a toddler. I envisioned play groups, music classes, and maybe age-appropriate art and crafts activities. I never considered the issue of her sexuality. Like many people, I thought parents did not have to worry about that issue until their kids got closer to adolescence.
    Not true. We were happily banging away on a conga drum the other day in rhythm class when the little boy next to us started playing with himself. His mother was very embarrassed and quickly distracted him with a giant cymbal. I wondered if I would have handled the same situation with as much grace. After all, the issue of toddlers touching themselves was never mentioned in any of the parenting books I read.

    How to Handle It Gracefully

    Brette says that both her kids engaged in some form of self-stimulating behavior as toddlers. She felt that the best way to handle the situation was to talk about the proper names for genitals and to "just let them do it."
    That was exactly the right approach. Parents and children should talk through difficult situations in an honest, calm manner. This starts in infancy and pays off in the teen years.
    Exploration is a perfectly natural behavior for children. Although it can be alarming, it is best to avoid sending the message that this normal exploration is dirty or harmful. Children can take cues from the behavior of their parents and silent cues are sometimes the most important. Over time, this can have a detrimental effect on the child.
    It's important to strive for balance in behaviors like this. You don't want to embarrass your child, especially in front of other people. Most of the time, simple distractions help end the behaviors.

    The Social Aspects

    Self-stimulation starts in infancy. Children go through different stages at different ages. Parents should understand that genital play in a public situation is usually just an indication that their child is not yet socialized, and that parents can often have a simple chat about private behaviors to end the public displays.
    A study in the journal Pediatrics indicated that it is very common for two- to five-year-olds to engage in frequent sexual behaviors like self-stimulation. After that age, this type of drops off dramatically.
    Take the time to educate children about touching themselves, sexual innuendoes, and potty humor.It can take a lot of time, but parents will achieve better results with a patient, neutral approach.

    Some Things to Remember

    The experts offer the following tips:
    • Relax—Remember that it is normal. It is estimated that up to one-half of all boys and one-third of all girls touch themselves regularly as toddlers, and that all children have stimulated their genitals by their first birthday.
    • Distract—do not overreact—Experts agree that the best reaction is no reaction, but if you feel that you must intervene, try distracting your toddler with a favorite toy or other object that requires the use of her hands.
    • Introduce privacy—This is a great time to introduce the concept of public versus private. Explain to your child that some things are private and better done in a bedroom than in a play group.
    • Recognize the cause—It is very common for children to self-stimulate when they are tired, or when their genitals are freely accessible such as bath and diaper times. Simply ignoring the behavior at these times is probably the easiest solution; recognize that this is probably nothing more than a comfort measure or simple experimentation.

    RESOURCES

    American Academy of Pediatrics http://healthychildren.org

    Nemours Kid's Health http://kidshealth.org

    CANADIAN RESOURCES

    About Kids Health http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca

    Canadian Psychological Association http://www.cpa.ca

    References

    Friedrich WM, et al. Normative sexual behavior in children: a contemporary sample. Pediatrics. 1998 Apr;101(4):e9.

    Kellogg ND; Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect, et al. Clinical report--the evaluation of sexual behaviors in children. Pediatrics. 2009;124(3):992-998.

    Sexual behaviors in children. Am Fam Physician. 2010;82(10):1239.

    Understanding early sexual development. Nemours Kids Health website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/growth/sexual%5Fhealth/development.html. Updated August 2011. Accessed October 21, 2013.

    Understanding the sexual behaviors of young children. Fairfax County Department of Family Services website. Available at: http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/dfs/pdf/cyf/sexualbehaviorschildren%5Feng.pdf. Published September 2007. Accessed October 21, 2013.

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