Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
National Institute on Drug Abuse http://www.drugabuse.gov
Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse http://www.ccsa.ca
The Council on Drug Abuse http://drugabuse.ca
Drug facts: Treatment approaches to drug addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Available at:
http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/treatment-approaches-drug-addiction. Updated September 2009. Accessed March 13, 2013.
Edlund M, Steffick D, et al. Risk factors for clinically recognized opioid abuse and dependence among veterans using opioids for chronic non-cancer pain.
Hall W, Doran C, Degenhardt L, et al. Illicit opiate abuse. National Center for Biotechnology Information website. Available at:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK11797. Accessed March 11, 2013.
Opiate addiction treatment programs. Addiction-Treatment website. Available at:
http://www.addiction-treatment.com/research/opiate. Accessed March 11, 2013.
Opioid abuse or dependence. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 15, 2013. Accessed March 11, 2013.
Opioid addiction. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at:
http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/opioid-addiction.html. Updated January 2011. Accessed March 11, 2013.
Opioid withdrawal. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 13, 2011. Accessed March 11, 2013.
Praveen KT, Law F, et al. Opioid dependence.
Am Fam Physcian. 2012;86(6):565-566.
The science of addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Available at:
http://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/sciofaddiction.pdf. Updated August 2010. Accessed March 11, 2013.
Types of treatment programs. Principle of drug addiction treatment: A researched-based guide. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Available at:
http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-based-guide-third-edition/drug-addiction-treatment-in-united-states/types-treatment-programs. Updated December 2012. Accessed March 11, 2013.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.
It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.
Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.
How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.
Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.
This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.
Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.
You clicked on a link that will cause you to leave myWellmont.
For security purposes you will be signed out.