• Symptoms of Brain Tumors

    Symptoms depend largely on the tumor's location, size, and how fast it is growing. Symptoms may suddenly appear or get progressively worse over time. Symptoms include:


    Headache is a very common symptom of a brain tumor, though very few headaches are from a tumor. The headache happens because of increased pressure in the skull caused by growth of the tumor itself, swelling from tissue around the tumor, or a blockage of fluid that surrounds the brain and spine.
    Headaches due to tumors tend to worsen over time and are not relieved with standard approaches. They are often most painful when waking up in the morning and may be associated with visual changes, like double vision.


    For some people, having a seizure is the first sign of a brain tumor. A seizure can occur suddenly and sometimes without warning. However, there are people who feel a change or signal (called an aura) before the seizure occurs.
    A seizure may be:
    • Generalized or major motor—May cause violent shaking, which may include losing consciousness. There may be loss of urine or bowel control, or biting of the tongue. These seizures begin in one part of the brain, but spread throughout the brain.
    • Focal—These may cause one part of the body to shake uncontrollably. It may start in one area and progress to a generalized seizure. A focal seizures may also occur without any shaking. They may or may not involve a change in consciousness.
    Not all seizures include shaking of body. Some seizures are quick changes of consciousness, people may fade out for a brief period.

    Other General Symptoms

    Increased intracranial pressure may cause other symptoms, such as:
    • Nausea and/or vomiting
    • Blurred, double, or loss of vision
    • Increased fatigue and/or sleepiness
    • Difficulty maintaining balance

    Other Physical and Neurological Symptoms

    If the tumor is pressing on or growing into nearby brain tissue certain functions may be affected. Symptoms are dependent on tumor location, but may include:
    • Comprehension and/or expression of language
    • Memory
    • Sensation and processing of sensory input
    • Personality or behavior, such as lack of emotion or impulsiveness
    • Ability to do learned movements or gestures
    • Ability to process information
    • Coordination and walking
    • Controlling the bladder or bowel
    • Muscle strength or sensation in one or more parts of the body


    Astrocytoma and oligodentroglioma in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 17, 2015. Accessed August 14, 2015.

    Brain and spinal cord tumors in adults. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003088-pdf.pdf. Accessed August 14, 2015.

    Brain and spinal cord tumors in children. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003089-pdf.pdf. Accessed August 14, 2015.

    General information about adult brain tumors. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/types/brain/patient/adult-brain-treatment-pdq. Updated February 13, 2015. Accessed August 14, 2015.

    Meningioma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 30, 2015. Accessed August 14, 2015.

    Seizure disorders. Merck Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic-disorders/seizure-disorders/seizure-disorders. Updated May 2013. Accessed August 14, 2015.

    Revision Information

  • LiveWell personal health survey

    How healthy are you really? Find out – free.Learn more

    It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.

  • HeartSHAPE Spotlight

    At risk for a heart attack? Learn more

    Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.

  • Calories and Energy Needs

    Calorie NeedsLearn more

    How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.

  • Ideal Body Weight

    Ideal Body WeightLearn more

    Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.

  • Body Mass Index

    Body Mass IndexLearn more

    This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.

  • Can we help answer your questions?

    Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.