• Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

    Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition that is usually the result of other underlying conditions. It is important to diagnose the underlying cause, so that the proper treatment can be given.
    Swollen Feet
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    There are not always noticeable symptoms for CHF as it develops. When symptoms do occur, they may include:
    • Shortness of breath, especially with activity, or when lying down
    • Swelling of feet and ankles
    • Fatigue and weakness
    • Persistent cough or wheezing cough that may be accompanied by white or blood-tinged phlegm
    • Rapid weight gain
    • Irregular or rapid heartbeat
    • Change in urine production (increase or decrease, need to urinate at night)
    • Nausea
    • Loss of appetite
    • Decreased alertness


    American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/ .

    Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine . 14th ed. McGraw-Hill; 2001.

    Heart Failure Online website. Available at: http://www.heartfailure.org .

    Mayo Clinic Heart Center website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/heart-disease/HB00057 .

    Vasan RS, Benjamin EJ, Levy D. Prevalence, clinical features and prognosis of diastolic heart failure; an epidemiologic perspective. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995;26:1565.

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