• Bland Diet

    Diet for Ulcers and Gastritis

    What Is a Bland Diet?

    A bland diet consists of foods that are least likely to irritate the gastrointestinal tract.

    Why Should I Follow a Bland Diet?

    This diet may be recommended if you are suffering from:
    While this diet can’t cure these conditions, it can help manage their symptoms. In general, high-fat, spicy, fried, and acidic foods, and caffeinated and alcoholic beverages are the most likely to cause distress.

    Food Choices on a Bland Diet

    Food Category Foods Recommended Foods to Avoid*
    Grains Any (eg, pasta, rice, bulgur) (Note: prepared without fat [eg, oil, butter]) Grains prepared with fat
    Vegetables Any (Note: prepared without fat) Vegetables prepared with fat (eg, French fries, mashed potatoes made with butter or cream), tomato juice, tomato sauce
    Fruits Any (except citrus) (Note: prepared without fat) Citrus fruits and juices
    Milk Low-fat or nonfat milk, soy milk, buttermilk, powdered milk, low-fat or nonfat yogurt, low-fat or nonfat cheese, low-fat or nonfat ice cream, sherbet Whole and 2% milk products, cream, regular cheese
    Meats and Beans Lean meat, poultry, fish, eggs, soy, dried beans, nuts, and nut butters (Note: prepared without added fat) Fried meats, bacon, sausage, pepperoni, salami, bologna, hot dogs
    Snacks, Sweets, and Condiments All unless listed Pepper, chili powder, ketchup, mustard, vinegar, rich desserts (eg, cakes and pastries), doughnuts, chocolate
    Beverages Water, nonfat or low-fat milk, juice, caffeine-free soda, and herbal tea Peppermint or spearmint teas, decaffeinated or regular coffee and tea, caffeinated soda or energy drinks, chocolate milk, hot cocoa, alcoholic beverages
    Fats and Oils Less than 8 teaspoons per day
    *These are foods, beverages, spices, and condiments that commonly irritate the stomach. However, there may be foods on this list that don’t bother you. Likewise, there may be foods not on this list that do bother you. (For example, some individuals with GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) complain that high-acid fruits, such as oranges and tomatoes bother them). Therefore, it’s important to monitor the foods you consume and how well you tolerate them.

    Suggestions

    • Eat small, frequent meals (eg, six small meals instead of three large meals).
    • Eat slowly; try putting utensils down between bites.
    • Avoid lying down for 3-4 hours after eating.
    • Keep a food log to try and pinpoint the foods that bother you.
    • Talk a registered dietitian about an individualized meal plan.

    RESOURCES

    American Dietetic Association http://www.eatright.org/

    American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org/

    CANADIAN RESOURCES

    Dietitians of Canada http://www.dietitians.ca/

    Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index-eng.php/

    References

    American Dietetic Association. Nutrition Care Manual. American Dietetic Association website. Available at: http://nutritioncaremanual.org . Accessed December 20, 2009.

    American Gastroenterological Association website. Available at: http://www.gastro.org . Accessed December 20, 2009.

    Revision Information


  • Can we help answer your questions?

    Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.