• Reducing Your Risk of Headache

    The different types of headache call for different prevention measures. You can reduce the frequency of most types of headaches by making lifestyle changes. Specific recommendations are suggested to limit the number or intensity of each type of headache.

    Tension Headache

    Exercise Regularly
    Exercise can help control stress.
    Improve Your Posture
    Poor posture contributes to tension headaches. Do not slouch. Hold the phone, rather than cradling it on your shoulder, or use a headset. Consider seeing a physical or occupational therapist for posture tips more specific to your individual situation.
    Learn Stress Management Techniques
    Stress can contribute to a headache. A mental health professional can work with you to develop stress management skills and learn relaxation techniques. The counselor may be able to help you identify events that trigger the headaches and work toward resolution.
    Get Plenty of Sleep
    Maintaining regular sleep routines will help you fall asleep. Sleep helps decrease tension and irritability.
    Take Breaks From Tasks
    Regular breaks help prevent your muscles from tightening up and can decrease stress.

    Migraine Headache

    Keep a Diary to Help Identify Your Migraine Pattern
    Identifying what triggers migraines and what relieves them will help your doctor and you develop a plan to manage your migraines.
    Learn Stress Management and Relaxation Techniques
    Stress can contribute to a headache. A mental health professional can work with you to develop stress management skills and learn relaxation techniques.
    Exercise Regularly
    Exercise helps control stress. Regular exercise can decrease the number and intensity of migraine headaches.
    Avoid Foods That Trigger Migraines
    Some foods bring on migraines. Avoid foods that trigger your migraine headaches. These may include:
    • Chocolate
    • Any foods containing MSG (monosodium glutamate), tyramine, or nitrates
    • Alcohol, especially red wine
    • Aspartame
    Avoid Offending Medications
    Birth control pills and vasodilator drugs can precipitate a migraine attack. Avoid these drugs if you know that they can trigger migraine.
    Eat Small Meals More Often
    If low blood sugar precedes your migraines, eating small amounts of food more frequently may help prevent your blood sugar from dropping.
    Do Not Change Your Regular Sleep Pattern on the Weekend or During Vacation
    Sleeping and waking at regular times may help prevent headaches.

    Cluster Headache

    Do Not Drink Alcoholic Beverages
    Even a small amount of alcohol can trigger a headache.
    Learn Stress Management Techniques
    Stress can contribute to a headache. A mental health professional can work with you to develop stress management skills and learn relaxation techniques.
    Do Not Smoke
    Tobacco use has been associated with cluster headaches.

    Sinus Headache

    Avoid Exposure to Anything that Triggers Allergy or Sinus Symptoms
    Allergic reactions increase the amount of secretions in and swelling of the nasal passages, which can lead to sinusitis .
    Seek Medical Treatment for Allergies or a Persistent Cold
    Medical management of allergies and upper respiratory infections helps prevent sinusitis. If you are prone to sinus problems, ask your doctor about using a decongestant before air travel. A decongestant will help keep nasal passages open.
    Wash Your Hands Frequently to Avoid Colds
    Hand washing helps prevent colds and other infections passed from the hand to the nose, mouth, or eyes. Colds increase the amount of secretions in and swelling of the nasal passages, which can lead to sinusitis.
    Avoid Alcoholic Drinks
    Alcohol can cause swelling of nasal and sinus tissues.

    References

    Elinoff V, Lynn SJ, Ochiai H, Hallquist M. The efficacy of Kiko exercises on the prevention of migraine headaches: a pilot study. Am J Chin Med . 2009;37(3):459-470.

    Headache—frequently asked questions. National Headache Foundation website. Available at: http://www.headaches.org/education/Tools%5Ffor%5FSufferers/Headache%5F-%5FFrequently%5FAsked%5FQuestions . Accessed September 11, 2008.

    NINDS headache information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/ . Updated July 2008. Accessed September 11, 2008.

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