• Symptoms of Menopause

    Each woman experiences menopause differently. Some women have many symptoms and others have a few. Changing levels of estrogen and progesterone can cause this variety of symptoms.
    Symptoms include:
    • Shorter or longer cycles
    • Heavier or lighter bleeding
    • Spotting in between periods
    • Reduced fertility
    • Reported in up to 75% of American women
    • Sudden onset of a feeling of heat
    • Flushed face and neck
    • Last 30 seconds-5 minutes
    • Occur at any time
    • Usually stop within a few years after menopause
    • Skin in genital area becomes drier and thinner
    • Sexual intercourse may become painful
    • Vaginal dryness and burning
    • Urinary tract problems may occur, such as infection and incontinence
    • Attitude toward sex may change
    • Diminished interest in sex
    • Arousal and comfort may be difficult
    • Freedom from concerns about pregnancy (but should use birth control until one year after last period)
    • Risk of sexually transmitted diseases remains
    • Normal sleep patterns may be interrupted
    • Early morning waking
    • Irritability
    • Depression
    • Anxiety
    • Stress and change in family dynamics may contribute to mood problems
    • Thickening at the waist
    • Loss of muscle mass
    • Increase in fat
    • Loss of elasticity in the skin
    • Headaches
    • Joint and muscle stiffness or pain
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • Thinning of scalp hair, more prominent facial hair


    Menopause. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114698/Menopause. Updated July 22, 2016. Accessed October 6, 2016.

    Menopause symptom relief and treatments. Office on Women's Health website. Available at: http://womenshealth.gov/menopause/symptom-relief-treatment/index.html. Updated September 29, 2010. Accessed February 27, 2014.

    The menopause years. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq047.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130416T1306377302. Accessed February 27, 2014.

    Revision Information

    • Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Kim A. Carmichael, MD
    • Review Date: 03/2017
    • Update Date: 03/15/2015
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