• Symptoms of Menopause

    Each woman experiences menopause differently. Some women have many symptoms and others have a few. Changing levels of estrogen and progesterone can cause this variety of symptoms.
    Symptoms include:
    • Shorter or longer cycles
    • Heavier or lighter bleeding
    • Spotting in between periods
    • Reduced fertility
    • Reported in up to 80% of American women
    • Sudden onset of a feeling of heat
    • Flushed face and neck
    • Last 30 seconds to five minutes
    • Occur at any time
    • Usually stop within a few years after menopause
    • Skin in genital area becomes drier and thinner
    • Sexual intercourse may become painful
    • Vaginal dryness and burning
    • Urinary tract problems may occur, such as infection and incontinence
    • Attitude toward sex may change
    • Diminished interest in sex
    • Arousal and comfort may be difficult
    • Freedom from concerns about pregnancy (but should use birth control until one year after last period)
    • Risk of sexually transmitted diseases remains
    • Normal sleep patterns may be interrupted
    • Early morning waking
    • Irritability and depression
    • Anxiety
    • Stress and change in family dynamics may contribute to mood problems
    • Thickening at the waist
    • Loss of muscle mass
    • Increase in fat
    • Loss of elasticity in the skin
    • Headaches
    • Memory problems
    • Joint and muscle stiffness or pain
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • Thinning of scalp hair; more prominent facial hair


    Menopause. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq047.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20121003T1402063976 . Accessed October 3, 2012.

    Menopause. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated June 11, 2012. Accessed October 3, 2012.

    Menopause. National Institute on Aging website. Available at: http://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/menopause . Updated April 26, 2012. Accessed October 3, 2012.

    Menopause 101. North American Menopause Society website. Available at: http://www.menopause.org/for-women/articles-about-menopause/menopause-101-a-primer-for-the-perimenopausal . Accessed October 3, 2012.

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