• Symptoms of Pneumonia

    Pneumonia is a serious infection that should be treated promptly. Contact your doctor if you have pneumonia symptoms or if your child has pneumonia symptoms.
    Effects of Pneumonia on the Lungs
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
    The symptoms of pneumonia include the following:
    • Fever or below-normal temperature
    • Chills
    • Sweating
    • Rapid breathing
    • Cough, may be dry or may produce sputum
    • Increased sputum
    • Chest or abdominal pain
    • Shortness of breath
    • Pain through to the back
    • Pain with deep breathing
    • Rattle sound in the chest
    • Loss of energy, fatigue
    • Weakness
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Headache
    • General muscle aches and pains
    • Lack of appetite
    Severe symptoms that may occur in adults, especially the elderly, include:
    • Bluish color of the nails or lips due to diminished oxygen in the blood
    • Mental confusion
    Severe symptoms that may occur in babies and young children:
    • Flaring nostrils with each breath
    • Chest or ribs may suck in with each breath
    • Grunting sound with breathing


    Beovic B, Bonac B, Kese D, et al. Aetiology and clinical presentation of mild community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2003;22(10):584-591.

    Community-acquired pneumonia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115170/Community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults. Updated August 15, 2016. Accessed November 10, 2016.

    Community-acquired pneumonia in children. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T113670/Community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children. Updated May 17, 2016. Accessed November 10, 2016.

    Pneumonia symptoms, causes, and risk factors. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/pneumonia/symptoms-causes-and-risk.html. Accessed November 10, 2016.

    Signs, symptoms, and complications. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pnu/signs. Updated September 26, 2016. Accessed November 10, 2016.

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