• Symptoms of Pneumonia

    Pneumonia is a serious infection that should be treated promptly. Contact your doctor if you have pneumonia symptoms or if your child has pneumonia symptoms.
    Effects of Pneumonia on the Lungs
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
    The symptoms of pneumonia include the following:
    • Fever or below-normal temperature
    • Chills
    • Sweating
    • Rapid breathing
    • Cough, may be dry or may produce sputum
    • Increased sputum
    • Chest or abdominal pain
    • Shortness of breath
    • Pain through to the back
    • Pain with deep breathing
    • Rattle sound in the chest
    • Loss of energy, fatigue
    • Weakness
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Headache
    • General muscle aches and pains
    • Lack of appetite
    Severe symptoms that may occur in adults, especially the elderly, include:
    • Bluish color of the nails or lips due to diminished oxygen in the blood
    • Mental confusion (This is common in the elderly.)
    Severe symptoms that may occur in babies and young children:
    • Flaring nostrils with each breath
    • Chest or ribs may suck in with each breath
    • Grunting sound with breathing


    Beovic B, Bonac B, et al. Aetiology and clinical presentation of mild community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2003;22:584-591.

    Pneumonia symptoms diagnosis and treatment. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/pneumonia/symptoms-diagnosis-and.html. Accessed October 3, 2012.

    Pneumonia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 25, 2013. Accessed April 3, 2013.

    Pneumonia in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 18, 2013. Accessed April 3, 2013.

    What are the signs and symptoms of pneumonia? National Heart Lung Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pnu/signs.html. Updated March 1, 2011. Accessed April 3, 2013.

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