20038 Health Library | Health and Wellness | Wellmont Health System
  • Symptoms of Pneumonia

    Pneumonia is a serious infection that should be treated promptly. Contact your doctor if you or your child have pneumonia symptoms.
    Effects of Pneumonia on the Lungs
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
    The symptoms of pneumonia include the following:
    • Fever or below normal temperature (hypothermia)
    • Chills
    • Sweating
    • Rapid breathing
    • Cough, may be dry or may produce sputum
    • Increased sputum
    • Chest or abdominal pain
    • Shortness of breath
    • Pain through to the back
    • Pain with deep breathing
    • Rattle sound in the chest
    • Loss of energy, fatigue
    • Weakness
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Headache
    • General muscle aches and pains
    • Lack of appetite
    Severe symptoms that are common in adults, especially the elderly, include:
    • Bluish color of the nails or lips due to diminished oxygen in the blood
    • Mental confusion (This is common in the elderly.)
    Severe symptoms that are more common in babies and young children:
    • Flaring nostrils with each breath
    • Chest or ribs may suck in with each breath
    • Grunting sound with breathing


    Beovic B, Bonac B, Kese D, et al. Aetiology and clinical presentation of mild community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2003;22:584-591

    Pneumonia symptoms diagnosis and treatment. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/pneumonia/symptoms-diagnosis-and.html . Accessed October 3, 2012.

    Pneumonia. National Heart Lung Blood Institute (NHLBI) website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pnu/ . Updated March 1, 2011. Accessed October 3, 2012.

    Pneumonia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated August 27, 2012. Accessed October 3, 2012.

    Pneumonia in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated August 27, 2012. Accessed October 3, 2012.

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