• Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)

    Symptoms of TMD may occur in the head, neck, and shoulders.
    Temporomandibular Joint : Areas of Pain
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    A number of symptoms may suggest TMD , including the following:
    • Pain in the temporomandibular joint
    • Popping, clicking, or grating sounds or sensations in the temporomandibular joint while eating and/or drinking
    • A sensation of the jaw “catching” or “locking” briefly, while attempting to open or close the mouth, or while chewing
    • Difficulty opening the mouth completely
    • Pain in the jaw
    • Facial pain
    • Muscle pain/spasm in the area of the temporomandibular joint
    • Headache
    • Ear pain
    • Neck and/or shoulder pain
    • Swelling on one or both sides of the face

    References

    Cummings CW. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery . 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 2005.

    Dambro MR. Griffith’s 5-Minute Clinical Consult . Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.

    Okeson, Jeffrey. Clinical Management of Temporomandibular Disorders and Occlusion. 6th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby 2007.

    Siccoli MM. Facial pain: a clinical differential diagnosis. Lancet Neurol . 2006;5:257-267.

    TMD/TMJ (temporomandibular disorders). American Dental Association website. Available at: http://www.ada.org/ . Accessed September 17, 2008.

    TMJ. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/HealthInformation/tmj.cfm . Accessed September 17, 2008.

    TMJ (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders). National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/TMJ/ . Updated August 2008. Accessed September 17, 2008.

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