• Risk Factors for Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

    A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
    It is possible to develop urinary tract infections (UTI) with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing a UTI. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.

    Sexual Activity

    Frequent sexual intercourse increases your risk of UTIs. Having unprotected sex raises the risk further.

    Medical Conditions

    The following medical conditions increase your chances of getting UTIs:

    Medical Devices and Procedures

    • For females—using a diaphragm for birth control or having a partner who uses condoms with spermicidal foam
    • Having a urinary catheter inserted
    • Having surgery on the urinary tract

    Medications

    Taking antibiotics for other conditions can increase your risk of getting a UTI.

    Age

    The rate of UTIs increases with age in both men and women.

    Gender

    Women have a high rate of UTIs throughout their lives, because the openings to the urethra and rectum are in close proximity. Also, the urethra is shorter in women than in men. The risk of UTIs increases even further after menopause in women and after age 50 in men.

    Genetic Factors

    Researchers are still trying to understand whether certain genetic factors might make someone more prone to UTIs. It does seem that if a mother has a history of multiple UTIs, then the daughter will be more likely to have UTIs, as well. There are also some factors related to blood type that increase the risk for UTIs.

    References

    Acute cystitis in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated August 31, 2012. Accessed August 13, 2012.

    Griffith’s 5-Minute Clinical Consult . Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001.

    Urinary tract infections in adults. American Urological Association Foundation website. http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=47 . Accessed September 11, 2012.

    Urinary tract infections in adults. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/utiadult/ . Updated May 24, 2012. Accessed September 11, 2012.

    Revision Information

  • Join WellZones today.

    Make a Change For LifeLearn more

    Wellmont LiveWell is creating a new tradition of wellness in the mountains by providing individuals with tools and encouragement to live healthier lifestyles.

  • HeartSHAPE Spotlight

    HeartSHAPE® Test Learn more

    Fight heart disease early and prevent heart attacks with HeartSHAPE® - a painless, non-invasive test that takes pictures of your heart to scan for early-stage coronary disease.

  • Calories and Energy Needs

    Calorie NeedsLearn more

    How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.

  • Ideal Body Weight

    Ideal Body WeightLearn more

    Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.

  • Body Mass Index

    Body Mass IndexLearn more

    This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.


  • Can we help answer your questions?

    Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.