Martinez O and Roe DA. Effect of oral contraceptives on blood folate levels in pregnancy.
Am J Obstet Gynecol
128: 255-261, 1977.
Steegers-Theunissen RP, Van Rossum JM, Steegers EA, et al. Sub-50 oral contraceptives affect folate kinetics.
Gynecol Obstet Invest
Mooij PNM, Thomas CMG, Doesburg WH, et al. Multivitamin supplementation in oral contraceptive users.
Shojania AM, Hornady G, and Barnes PH. Oral contraceptives and serum-folate level.
Whitehead N, Reyner F, and Lindenbaum J. Megaloblastic changes in the cervical epithelium. Association with oral contraceptive therapy and reversal with folic acid.
Larsson-Cohn U. Oral contraceptives and vitamins: a review.
Am J Obstet Gynecol
Wynn V. Vitamins and oral contraceptive use.
Webb JL. Nutritional effects of oral contraceptive use: a review.
J Reprod Med
Rivers JM and Devine M. Plasma ascorbic acid concentrations and oral contraceptives.
Am J Clin Nutr
Briggs M and Briggs M. Vitamin C requirements and oral contraceptives.
Seelig MS. Increased need for magnesium with the use of combined oestrogen and calcium for osteoporosis treatment.
Blum M, et al. Oral contraceptive lowers serum magnesium.
Jobst KA, McIntyre M, St. George D, et al. Safety of St John's wort
14A to Z Drug Facts [book on CD-ROM]. 2nd ed. St. Louis, MO: Facts and Comparisons; 2000.
Takanaga H, Ohnishi A, Murakami H, et al. Relationship between time after intake of grapefruit juice and the effect on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of nisoldipine in healthy subjects.
Clin Pharmacol Ther
Gehm BD, McAndrews JM, Chien PY, et al. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound found in grapes and wine, is an agonist for the estrogen receptor.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Kim DH, et al. Silymarin and its components are inhibitors of beta-glucuronidase.
Biol Pharm Bull
Leder BZ, Longcope C, Catlin DH, et al. Oral androstenedione administration and serum testosterone concentrations in young men.
Martini MC, Dancisak BB, Haggans CJ, et al. Effects of soy intake on sex hormone metabolism in premenopausal women.
Gorski JC, Hamman MA, Wang Z, et al. The effect of St. John's Wort on the efficacy of oral contraception [abstract MPI-80].
American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Annual Meeting, March 24-27
; Atlanta, GA; 2002.
Michnovicz JJ. Increased estrogen 2-hydroxylation in obese women using oral indole-3-carbinol.
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord.
Bradlow HL, Sepkovic DW, Telang NT, et al. Multifunctional aspects of the action of indole-3-carbinol as an antitumor agent.
Ann N Y Acad Sci.
Yuan F, Chen DZ, Liu K, et al. Anti-estrogenic activities of indole-3-carbinol in cervical cells: implication for prevention of cervical cancer.
Meng Q, Yuan F, Goldberg ID, et al. Indole-3-carbinol is a negative regulator of estrogen receptor-alpha signaling in human tumor cells.
Pfrunder A, Schiesser M, Gerber S, et al. Interaction of St John's wort with low-dose oral contraceptive therapy: a randomized controlled trial.
Br J Clin Pharmacol
Zhu BT, Loder DP, Cai MX, et al. Dietary administration of an extract from rosemary leaves enhances the liver microsomal metabolism of endogenous estrogens and decreases their uterotropic action in CD-1 mice.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.
It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.
Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.
How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.
Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.
This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.
Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.
You clicked on a link that will cause you to leave myWellmont.
For security purposes you will be signed out.