Stewart PM, Wallace AM, Valentino R, et al. Mineralocorticoid activity of liquorice: 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency comes of age.
1987;2:821 - 824.
Conn JW, Rovner DR, Cohen EL. Licorice-induced pseudoaldosteronism. Hypertension, hypokaelemia, aldosteronopenia and suppressed plasma renin activity.
1968;205:492 - 496.
Epstein MT, Espiner EA, Donald RA, et al. Effect of eating liquorice on the renin-angiotensin aldosterone axis in normal subjects.
Br Med J.
1977;1:488 - 490.
Mantero F. Exogenous mineralocorticoid-like disorders.
Clin Endocrinol Metab.
1981;10:465 - 478.
van Marle J, Aarsen PN, Lind A, et al. Deglycyrrhizinised liquorice (DGL) and the renewal of rat stomach epithelium.
Eur J Pharmacol
. 1981;72:219 - 225.
Johnston B, McIsaac RL. The effect of some anti-ulcer agents on basal gastric mucosal blood flow and transmucosal flux of hydrogen and sodium ions in the conscious dog.
Br J Pharmacol
Schulz V, Hansel R, Tyler VE.
Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians' Guide to Herbal Medicine
. 3rd ed. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 1998:185.
Rees WD, Rhodes J, Wright JE, et al. Effect of deglycyrrhizinated liquorice on gastric mucosal damage by aspirin.
Scand J Gastroenterol.
1979;14:605 - 607.
Morgan AG, Pacsoo C, McAdam WA. Maintenance therapy: a two year comparison between Caved-S and cimetidine treatment in the prevention of symptomatic gastric ulcer recurrence.
. 1985;26:599 - 602.
Kassir ZA. Endoscopic controlled trial of four drug regimens in the treatment of chronic duodenal ulceration.
Ir Med J.
1985;78:153 - 156.
Armanini D, Palermo M. Reduction of serum testosterone in men by licorice.
N Engl J Med.
Teelucksingh S, Mackie AD, Burt D, et al. Potentiation of hydrocortisone activity in skin by glycyrrhetinic acid.
. 1990;335:1060 - 1063.
Kumagai A, Nanaboshi M, Asanuma Y, et al. Effects of glycyrrhizin on thymolytic and immunosupressive action of cortisone.
1967;14:39 - 42.
Tamura Y, Nishikawa T, Yamada K, et al. Effects of glycyrrhetinic acid and its derivatives on delta-4-5-alpha- and 5-beta-reductase in rat liver.
1979;29:647 - 649.
Budzinski JW, Foster BC, Vandenhoek S, et al. An
evaluation of human cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibition by selected commercial herbal extracts and tinctures.
2000;7:273 - 282.
Zava DT, Dollbaum CM, Blen M. Estrogen and progestin bioactivity of foods, herbs and spices.
Proc Soc Exp Biol Med.
1998;217:369 - 378.
Strandberg TE, Jarvenpaa AL, Vanhanen H, et al. Birth outcome in relation to licorice consumption during pregnancy.
Am J Epidemiol.
2001;153:1085 - 1088.
Shintani S, Murase H, Tsukagoshi H, et al. Glycyrrhizin (licorice)-induced hypokalemic myopathy. Report of two cases and review of the literature.
1992;32:44 - 51.
Sigurjonsdottir HA, Franzson L, Manhem K, Ragnarsson J, Sigurdsson G, Wallerstedt S. Liquorice-induced rise in blood pressure: a linear dose-response relationship.
J Hum Hypertens
van Gelderen CE, Bijlsma JA, van Dokkum W, et al. Glycyrrhizic acid: the assessment of a no effect level.
Hum Exp Toxicol
Lin SH, Chau T. A puzzling cause of hypokalaemia.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.
Maybe it's time to stop guessing. If you've been wanting to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.
Fight heart disease early and prevent heart attacks with HeartSHAPE® - a painless, non-invasive test that takes pictures of your heart to scan for early-stage coronary disease.
How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.
Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.
This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.
Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.
You clicked on a link that will cause you to leave myWellmont.
For security purposes you will be signed out.