• Spondylolisthesis

    (Slipped Vertebra)


    The spine is made of several bones called vertebra. They are lined up so the spinal cord can run through the center of the bones. Spondylolisthesis is when one of the vertebrae (usually in the lower back area) slips out of place. It moves forward compared to the vertebra below and develops slowly over time.
    si1944 97870 1 spondylolisthesis
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.


    Spondylolisthesis is most often caused by a stress fracture (Spondylolysis). The fracture can make the vertebra unstable and allow it to slip forward. This type of fracture often occurs when a lot of stress and pressure is put on the back. This can occur with certain sports activities.
    The condition can also be caused by spinal problems that are present at birth, like spina bifida .

    Risk Factors

    Factors that may increase your chance of spondylolisthesis include:
    • Rapid growth
    • Being an athlete, especially gymnasts, weight-lifters, and football players
    • Family history


    Spondylolisthesis begins to progress at age 10-15 years. Symptoms may not appear until adulthood. In many cases of spondylolisthesis, there are no obvious symptoms. Symptoms that may be present include:
    • Low back pain, which may feel like muscle strain
    • Stiff back
    • Muscle spasms of the hamstring
    • Buttock pain and spasm
    • Changes in posture and/or gait
    • Numbness, weakness, or tingling around the pelvis, buttochs, or thighs
    • Loss of bladder control


    Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Images of the spine will be taken with:


    Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include:

    Physical Therapy

    Physical therapy usually involves exercise. The exercise will focus on strengthening the abdominal and back muscles. A back brace may also be recommended.
    If you are overweight, your doctor may recommend you lose weight. This will help reduce stress on the spine.


    Pain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may help manage pain.


    Surgery may be needed if the bone has severly slipped or you do not respond to treatment. Surgery will fuse 2 of the vertebra together. The procedure is called spinal fusion .


    To help reduce your chance of spondylolisthesis:
    • Exercise regularly.
    • Get plenty of rest between workouts.
    • Take measures to protect your back when participating in sports.
    • Maintain a healthy weight.


    North American Spine Society http://www.spine.org

    Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://www.orthoinfo.org


    Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org

    Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org


    Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis.Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00053. Updated October 2007. Accessed December 28, 2012.

    Spondylolisthesis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116263/Spondylolisthesis. Updated May 16, 2016. Accessed September 27, 2016.

    Revision Information

  • LiveWell personal health survey

    How healthy are you really? Find out – free.Learn more

    It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.

  • HeartSHAPE Spotlight

    At risk for a heart attack? Learn more

    Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.

  • Calories and Energy Needs

    Calorie NeedsLearn more

    How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.

  • Ideal Body Weight

    Ideal Body WeightLearn more

    Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.

  • Body Mass Index

    Body Mass IndexLearn more

    This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.

  • Can we help answer your questions?

    Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.