• Compulsive Gambling

    (Gambling Addiction; Pathological Gambling)


    Compulsive gambling is an impulse control disorder that is characterized by an overwhelming urge to gamble. In compulsive gambling, your life becomes dominated by gambling.


    It is not clear what causes compulsive gambling. There is some evidence that there may be a genetic component.
    Research has also shown that people who have a gambling addiction experience changes in their brain. These brain changes are like those that occur in people who are addicted to drugs.
    Frontal Lobe
    Frontal lobe
    Impulse control is believed to exist in this part of the brain.
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

    Risk Factors

    Gambling addiction is more common in males. Factors that may increase the risk of compulsive gambling include:
    • Family history of gambling problems
    • Mood disorders
    • Personality disorders
    • Drug abuse or gambling at a young age
    • Certain traits, such as having a competitive character, being restless, and getting bored easily


    Symptoms of compulsive gambling may include:
    • Gambling longer than you intended to
    • Taking time from work or family life to gamble
    • Feeling guilty after gambling
    • Lying to hide gambling
    • Not being able to sleep due to thoughts about gambling
    • Having financial problems due to gambling, such as:
      • Spending all of your money on gambling
      • Needing to borrow money for gambling
      • Trying to earn money through gambling to pay your bills
      • Being involved in illegal activities to get money for gambling
    • Trying to quit gambling but not being able to
    • Feeling depressed or suicidal due to gambling


    You may be referred to a mental health therapist. The therapist will ask about your:
    • Medical history
    • Mental health history
    • Symptoms


    Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include:


    Counseling for compulsive gambling may include cognitive-behavioral therapy. This type of therapy can help you learn to correct the the negative thoughts and beliefs that lead you to gamble, to find healthier responses to stress, to develop social skills, and to prevent relapse. Therapy can also help uncover what lead you to compulsively gamble.


    There is some evidence that people who compulsively gamble may benefit from medications, such as:
    • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
    • Mood stabilizers
    • Opioid antagonists
    • Bupropion—an antidepressant


    There is no known way to prevent compulsive gambling. But if you have a problem with impulse control, avoiding situations where there is gambling may prevent you from developing a problem.


    Mental Health America http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net

    National Council on Problem Gambling http://www.ncpgambling.org


    Canadian Mental Health Association http://www.cmha.ca

    Problem Gambling http://www.problemgambling.ca


    10 questions about gambling behavior. Problem Gambling Coalition of Colorado website. Available at: http://www.problemgamblingcolorado.org/content/10-questions. Accessed September 15, 2014.

    Black DW, Monahan PO, Temkit M, Shaw M. A family study of pathological gambling. Psychiatry Res. 2006;141(3):295-303.

    Dannon PN, Lowengrub K, Gonopolski Y, Musin E, Kotler M. Pathological gambling: a review of phenomenological models and treatment modalities for an underrecognized psychiatric disorder. Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry. 2006;8(6):334-339.

    Kalechstein AD, Fong T, Rosenthal RJ, et al. Pathological gamblers demonstrate frontal lobe impairment consistent with that of methamphetamine dependent individuals. J Neuropsych Clin Neurosci. 2007;19(3):298-303.

    Signs of a gambling problem. Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling website. Available at: http://www.masscompulsivegambling.org/paths/what%5Fsigns.php. Accessed September 15, 2014.

    Revision Information

  • LiveWell personal health survey

    How healthy are you really? Find out – free.Learn more

    It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.

  • HeartSHAPE Spotlight

    At risk for a heart attack? Learn more

    Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.

  • Calories and Energy Needs

    Calorie NeedsLearn more

    How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.

  • Ideal Body Weight

    Ideal Body WeightLearn more

    Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.

  • Body Mass Index

    Body Mass IndexLearn more

    This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.

  • Can we help answer your questions?

    Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.