222881 Health Library | Health and Wellness | Wellmont Health System
  • Binge Eating Disorder

    Definition

    A person with binge eating disorder often eats an unusually large amount of food and feels that eating is out of control. Binge eating disorder often occurs with bulimia nervosa , another eating disorder that may involve purging.
    In other cases, binging can happen without other eating disorders. For example, the person may feel upset about binging, but may not try to undo these feelings by vomiting, exercising, or taking laxatives.

    Causes

    It is not clear exactly what causes binge eating disorder. Since about half of people with binge eating disorder have a history of depression , it may be related to that condition. Studies also suggest that people with binge eating disorder may have other emotional problems, including low self-esteem, anger, and/or obsessive compulsive behavior .

    Risk Factors

    Factors that may increase your risk of developing a binge eating disorder include:
    • Obesity
    • Gender: women
    • Becoming overweight at a young age
    • Yo-yo dieting may trigger binge eating
    • History of depression and/or substance abuse
    • History of sexual abuse
    • Excess concern with body shape
    Female Figure
    Female figure 3D
    Binge eating disorder is more common in females and is often linked to emotional or psychological issues.
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

    Symptoms

    Symptoms of binge eating disorder include:
    • Eating quickly
    • Eating until you are uncomfortably full
    • Eating large amounts when you are not hungry
    • Eating alone due to embarrassment
    • Feeling disgusted, depressed, or guilty after eating

    Diagnosis

    Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You may be referred to a mental health professional or eating disorder specialist. Binge eating is diagnosed when there are at least two binge-eating episodes a week, on average, for six months, along with a lack of control over eating behavior.

    Treatment

    Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include:

    Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

    In cognitive-behavioral therapy , a mental health professional will teach you how to keep track of your eating and change your unhealthy eating habits. This may involve learning how to respond to tough situations and how to feel better about your body shape and weight.

    Interpersonal Psychotherapy

    In interpersonal psychotherapy, a counselor will help you look at your personal relationships and make changes in areas that are negatively affecting your life.

    Medications

    Certain antidepressant medications may be helpful for some people with binge eating disorder.

    Prevention

    There is no known way to prevent binge eating disorder. If you have young children, however, it is important to display positive and healthy attitudes about eating and body image.

    RESOURCES

    Mental Health America http://www.nmha.org

    Something Fishy: Website on Eating Disorders http://www.something-fishy.org

    CANADIAN RESOURCES

    Canadian Mental Health Association http://www.ontario.cmha.ca

    National Eating Disorder Information Centre http://www.nedic.ca

    References

    American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2000.

    Binge eating disorder. National Association of Anorexia and Associated Disorders website. Available at: http://www.anad.org/get-information/about-eating-disorders/binge-eating-disorder/. Accessed February 20, 2013.

    Binge eating disorder. Nemours KidsHealth.org website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/teen/food%5Ffitness/problems/binge%5Feating.html#a%5FGetting%5FHelp. Updated August 2011. Accessed February 20, 2013.

    Binge eating disorder. Weight-control Information Network website. Available at: http://win.niddk.nih.gov/publications/binge.htm . Updated June 2008. Accessed February 20, 2013.

    Revision Information

  • Join WellZones today.

    Make a Change For LifeLearn more

    Wellmont LiveWell is creating a new tradition of wellness in the mountains by providing individuals with tools and encouragement to live healthier lifestyles.

  • HeartSHAPE Spotlight

    At risk for a heart attack? Learn more

    Fight heart disease early and prevent heart attacks with HeartSHAPE® - a painless, non-invasive test that takes pictures of your heart to scan for early-stage coronary disease.

  • Calories and Energy Needs

    Calorie NeedsLearn more

    How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.

  • Ideal Body Weight

    Ideal Body WeightLearn more

    Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.

  • Body Mass Index

    Body Mass IndexLearn more

    This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.


  • Can we help answer your questions?

    Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.