The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine http://www.sportsmed.org
OrthoInfo—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://www.orthoinfo.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Gluck GS, et al. Tendon disorders of the foot and ankle, part 3: the posterior tibial tendon.
Am J Sports Med. 2010;38(10):2133-2144.
Houck J, Neville C, Tome J, Flemister A. Randomized controlled trial comparing orthosis augmented by either stretching or stretching and strengthening for stage II tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction. Foot Ankle Int. 2015;36(9):1006-16.
Mazieres B, et al. Topical ketoprofen patch in the treatment of tendinitis: a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study.
J Rheumatol. 2005;32(8):1563-1570.
Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00166. Updated December 2011. Accessed March 11. 2016.
Posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 24, 2015. Accessed March 11, 2016.
Tibialis posterior tendinosis and tibialis posterior tenosynovitis. Merck Manual for Health Care Professionals website. Available at:
http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/musculoskeletal%5Fand%5Fconnective%5Ftissue%5Fdisorders/foot%5Fand%5Fankle%5Fdisorders/tibialis%5Fposterior%5Ftendinosis%5Fand%5Ftibialis%5Fposterior%5Ftenosynovitis.html. Accessed March 11, 2016.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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