Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Abrams GD, Safran MR. Diagnosis and management of superior labrum anterior
posterior lesions in overhead athletes.
Br J Sports Med. 2010;44(5):311-318.
Chronic shoulder instability. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00529. Updated December 2013. Accessed May 12, 2017.
Desmeules F, Barry J, Roy JS, Vendittoli PA, Rouleau DM. Surgical interventions for post-traumatic anterior shoulder instability in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014;(5):CD011092.
Dumont GD, Russell RD, et al. Anterior shoulder instability: a review of pathoanatomy, diagnosis, and treatment.
Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2011 Aug 2.
Gaskill TR, Taylor DC, et al.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2011 Dec 19(12):758-767.
Luime JJ, Verhagen AP, et al. Does this patient have an instability of the shoulder or a labrum lesion?
Nassiri N, Eliasberg C, Jones KJ, McAllister DR, Petrigliano FA. Shoulder instability in the overhead athlete: A systematic review comparing arthroscopic and open stabilization procedures. 2015;3(2):suppl2325967115S00154.
Owens BD, Campbell SE, Cameron KL. Risk factors for anterior glenohumeral instability. Am J Sports Med. 2014;42(11):2591-2596.
Provencher MT, Frank RM, et al. The Hill-Sachs lesion: diagnosis, classification, and management.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2012 Apr;20(4):242-252.
Recurrent subluxation of shoulder. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114357/Recurrent-subluxation-of-shoulder. Updated August 21, 2014. Accessed May 12, 2017.
Shoulder instability. Houston Methodist website. Available at:
http://www.houstonmethodist.org/orthopedics/where-does-it-hurt/shoulder/shoulder-instability/. Accessed May 12, 2017.
van Tongel A, Karelse A, et al. Posterior shoulder instability: current concepts review. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2011 Sep;19(9):1547-1553.
von der Heyde RL. Occupational therapy interventions for shoulder conditions: a systematic review.
Am J Occup Ther. 2011 Jan-Feb;65(1):16-23.
Wilk KE and Macrina LC. Nonoperative and postoperative rehabilitation for glenohumeral instability. Clin Sports Med. 2013; 32:865-914.
Wolf JM, Cameron KL, et al. Impact of joint laxity and hypermobility on the musculoskeletal system.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2011 Aug;19(8):463-471.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.
It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.
Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.
How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.
Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.
This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.
Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.
You clicked on a link that will cause you to leave myWellmont.
For security purposes you will be signed out.