American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://www.aaos.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org/
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org/
Abrams GD, Safran MR. Diagnosis and management of superior labrum anterior
posterior lesions in overhead athletes.
Br J Sports Med
. 2010 Apr;44(5):311-318.
Behrman RE, Kliegman R, Jenson HB.
Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics
. 16th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Co; 2000.
Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics
. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Inc; 1998.
Conservative management of shoulder injuries.
Orthopaedic Clinics of North America
. April 2000.
Dumont GD, Russell RD, Robertson WJ. Anterior shoulder instability: a review of pathoanatomy, diagnosis, and treatment.
Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med
. 2011 Aug 2.
Luime JJ, Verhagen AP, Miedema HS, et al. Does this patient have an instability of the shoulder or a labrum lesion?
Mahaffey BL. Smith PA. Shoulder instability in young athletes.
Am Fam Physician
Mulley AG and AH Goroll.
Primary Care Medicine: Office Evaluation and Management of the Adult Patient
4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.
Rockwood CA, Bucholz RW, Heckman JD, et al.
Rockwood and Green's Fractures in Adults
. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven Publishers; 1996.
Ruddy S, Harris ED Jr, Sledge CB.
Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology
. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Co; 2001.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.
It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.
Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.
How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.
Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.
This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.
Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.
You clicked on a link that will cause you to leave myWellmont.
For security purposes you will be signed out.