• Don't Drowse and Drive

    IMAGE Thousands of crashes occur each year due to drivers falling asleep at the wheel. Learn the signs so that you know when you are getting drowsy, what puts you at risk for drowsy driving, and what to do to stay alert.

    What Are the Signs of Sleepiness?

    The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety provides some warning sign to help you identify when you are getting too tired to drive. If you begin to experience any of these, it is time to stop driving and get some sleep:
    • Trouble keeping your eyes open and focused
    • Nod and can't keep your head up
    • Daydream or have wandering, disconnected thoughts
    • Yawn a lot or need to rub your eyes
    • Find yourself drifting out of your lane or tailgating
    • Miss road signs or drive past your turn
    • Feel irritable, restless, and impatient
    • Drift off the road and hit the rumble strip on the highway

    Are You at Risk?

    To determine if you are at an increased risk for a sleep-related traffic accident, the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety asks the following questions:
    • Are you aged 30 years or younger?
    • Do you work long hours?
    • Have you had six hours of sleep or less in the last 24 hours?
    • Do you often drive between midnight and 6 am?
    • Do you frequently feel drowsy while you are driving?
    • Do you work the night shift?
    • Are you a business traveler who spends a lot of time on the road and suffers from jet lag?
    • Do you work more than one job?
    • Do you have an undiagnosed sleep disorder?
    If you can answer yes to any of these questions, you are at a higher risk of having a car accident related to being tired.
    In addition, analysis of sleepy driver crashes shows that having taken sleeping medication on a previous night was associated with subsequent crash. If you spend time on the road, don’t use sleeping medications that could produce rebound sleepiness the next day.

    What Can You Do?

    Here are some things you can do to prevent drowsy driving:
    • Get between 7–9 hours of sleep to stay alert during the day
    • Schedule breaks every 100 miles that you drive—or every 2 hours during long trips
    • Travel with a friend to share driving and conversation
    • Avoid alcohol and sleep medications
    Note: If you are relying on coffee to keep you awake, it is time to pull over and call it a night. The best strategy is to take a break from being behind the wheel.
    If you suspect you have a sleeping disorder, talk to your doctor about your symptoms so you can get proper treatment.
    In the meantime, it is important to remember that driving when sleepy may be as dangerous as drunk driving—for you and for others on the road.

    RESOURCES

    AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety http://www.aaafoundation.org/

    DrowsyDriving.org http://www.drowsydriving.org/

    The National Sleep Foundation http://www.sleepfoundation.org/

    CANADIAN RESOURCES

    The Canadian Sleep Society (CSS) http://www.canadiansleepsociety.com/

    Traffic SafetyCanada's Safety Council http://www.safety-council.org/

    References

    Alvarez FJ, Fiero I, Gomez-Talagon FT, et al. Patients treated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and fitness to drive assessment in clinical practice in Spain at the medical traffic centers. Traffic Inj Preven. 2008;9:168-172.

    Changing behaviors to prevent drowsy driving and promote traffic safety: review of proven, promising, and unproven techniques. AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety website. Available at: http://www.aaafoundation.org/resources/index.cfm?button=drowsy. Published August 1998. Accessed August 28, 2012.

    Countermeasures. DrowsyDriving.org website. Available at: http://drowsydriving.org/about/countermeasures/. Accessed August 28, 2012.

    Czeisler CA. Walsh JK, Roth T, et al. Modafinil for excessive sleepiness associated with shift-work sleep disorder. N Engl J Med. 2005;353:476-486

    Facts and stats. DrowsyDriving.org website. Available at: http://drowsydriving.org/about/facts-and-stats/. Accessed August 28, 2012.

    Facts. DrowsyDriving.org website. Available at: http://drowsydriving.org/about/. Accessed August 28, 2012.

    FAQs: Drowsy Driving. AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety website. Available at: http://www.aaafoundation.org/resources/index.cfm?button=drowsyfaq#signs. Accessed August 28, 2012.

    Stutts JC, Wilkins JW, Scott Osberg J, Vaughn BV. Driver risk factors for sleep-related crashes. Accid Anal Prev. 2003;35:321-331.

    Wake up and get some sleep. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration website. Available at: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/drowsy%5Fdriving1/human/drows%5Fdriving/index.html. Accessed August 28, 2012.

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