• Lifestyle Changes to Manage Bladder Cancer

    Lifestyle changes can help:
    • Strengthen your body so that you can withstand some of the rigors of treatment.
    • Optimize the function of your immune system to aid in the fight against cancer.
    • Improve your emotional outlook, so you can enjoy life to the fullest, even during treatment for bladder cancer.
    • Avoid other medical problems that could complicate your health.

    Quit Smoking

    Smoking is a known risk factor for many cancers and other health disorders. It can also increase the risk of complications from medical procedures and slow tissue healing.
    When you quit smoking, the body immediately begins to repair itself. Quitting will help boost your immune system to help fight the cancer and improve recovery from treatment.

    Reduce Your Risk of Infection

    Cancer and its treatments suppress the body's immune system. This can increase the risk of infection, or increase the severity of common infections, like a cold or the flu. To decrease the risk of infection while going through cancer treatment:
    • Wash hands thoroughly and often. Hand washing is the most effective method of decreasing the chance of catching colds and flu. Carry hand sanitizer for times when washing is not convenient.
    • Try to avoid crowds, especially during cold and flu season.
    • Avoid touching eyes, mouth, and nose to after coming in contact with surfaces or objects.
    • Clean and disinfect surfaces and objects often.
    • Ask your doctor about immunization against the flu and pneumonia.

    Maintain a Healthful Diet

    A healthful diet can help your body and mind. Your diet can provide fuel to help your body function at its best, and nutrition to help tissue heal and recover. Mood and overall energy will also be better with proper nutritional support.
    Cancer itself and some cancer treatment can reduce appetite. It becomes important to make the most of the calories that are eaten. A registered dietitian can help manage challenges that may be found with cancer or cancer treatments, and develop an effective meal plan.

    Exercise Regularly

    If you have not been exercising regularly, check with your doctor to choose a safe exercise program. Exercise has many benefits that may help you withstand the physical and emotional stresses of cancer and cancer treatment including:
    • Promoting overall fitness
    • Boosting your energy level
    • Improving your immune system
    • Boosting your spirits and improving your emotional outlook
    You may consider consulting a personal trainer to help you set exercise goals and to safely follow through on initiating an exercise program. While adding exercise, be sure to balance rest and activities to prevent becoming too tired.

    Rest When Tired

    Fatigue is the most frequently experienced symptom of cancer and cancer treatments. To help avoid getting overtired, prioritize tasks and focus on the most important ones. It is important to allow others to help you with daily chores, shopping, and preparing meals. If needed, plan time throughout the day for rest.
    If fatigue is affecting quality of life, talk to your doctor.

    Seek Support

    The diagnosis of cancer is a life-defining event that can be difficult to handle. Facing the uncertainty of a serious disease, feeling anxious about how you will feel during treatment, lifestyle changes, and worrying about the impact of both the diagnosis and treatment can be overwhelming. It is important to rely on family, friends, and other people in your life. People who allow themselves to seek help while they are recovering from cancer can often maintain better emotional balance. Other sources of support include:
    • Religious community
    • Support groups for people with your type of cancer
    • Professional support from social workers, psychologists, and/or psychiatrists who are trained to help support cancer patients and their families
    Family and caregivers may also need support. Encourage them to seek support groups or counseling geared toward them.


    Bladder cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003085-pdf.pdf. Accessed June 29, 2015.

    Bladder cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 14, 2015. Accessed June 29, 2015.

    Bladder cancer. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/genitourinary-cancer/bladder-cancer. Updated November 2013. Accessed June 29, 2015.

    Stopping the spread of germs at home, work, & school. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/stopgerms.htm. Updated September 4, 2014. Accessed June 29, 2015.

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