American Speech-Language-Hearing Association http://www.asha.org
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) https://www.nidcd.nih.gov
Ontario Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists http://www.osla.on.ca
Speech-Language & Audiology Canada http://www.sac-oac.ca
Casthely PA, Labagnara J. Hoarseness and vocal cord paralysis following coronary artery bypass surgery.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1992;6(2):263-264.
Common problems that can affect your voice. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at:
http://www.entnet.org/content/common-problems-can-affect-your-voice. Accessed August 14, 2017.
Laryngitis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115115/Laryngitis. Updated October 18, 2016. Accessed August 14, 2017.
Maniecka-Aleksandrowicz B, Domeracka-Kolodziej A, Rózak-Komorowska A, Szeptycka-Adamus A. Management and therapy in functional aphonia.
Sancho JJ. Pascual-Damieta M, Pereira JA, Carrera MJ, Fontané J, Sitges-Serra A. Risk factors for transient vocal cord palsy after thyroidectomy.
Br J Surg.
Vocal cord disorders. The Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide website. Available at:
https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/vocal-cord-disorders. Accessed August 14, 2017.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.
It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.
Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.
How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.
Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.
This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.
Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.
You clicked on a link that will cause you to leave myWellmont.
For security purposes you will be signed out.