• March Stress Fracture

    (Stress Fracture, March; Stress Fracture of Metatarsal Bone; Fatigue Fracture)


    A march stress fracture is a small break in a metatarsal bone of the foot that occurs without a major traumatic episode. There are 5 metatarsal bones in each foot. They are located in the area between the toes and the ankle. They were called march fractures because they were first seen in military recruits because of excess marching. These fractures still occur in that group.
    March Stress Fracture
    Stress fracture foot
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.


    A march stress fracture is an overuse injury caused by repetitive stress to the foot.

    Risk Factors

    Factors that may increase the chance of getting a march stress fracture include:
      Participation in high foot impact sports, such as:
      • Running
      • Basketball
      • Dancing
      • Jumping events in track
    • Military service
    • Feet with high arches
    • Use of poor or improper footwear
    • Osteoporosis
    • Female runners with amenorrhea (absent menstruation), osteoporosis, or an eating disorder


    A march stress fracture may cause pain in the middle or front of the foot. There may be swelling. The foot will feel better when resting and feel worse with activity.


    Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You may be referred to a specialist. An orthopedist focuses on bones. A sports medicine physician works on sports-related injuries.
    Imaging tests evaluate the bones in your foot and surrounding structures. These may include:


    Stress fractures are treated with rest and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The foot will need rest for 3-6 weeks. Crutches may be needed to avoid bearing weight on the foot. Sometimes a brace or cast is used for a short time to aid healing.


    To help reduce your chance of a march stress fracture, take the following steps:
    • Wear shock-absorbing insoles when running or during other high-impact exercise.
    • When starting a new sport or increasing your workout, do so gradually.
    • Choose footwear that takes into account the specific sport and your type of foot.


    American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine http://www.aapsm.org

    Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.org


    Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org

    When it Hurts to Move—Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://whenithurtstomove.org


    Fractures (broken bones). Ortho Info—American Society of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00139&return%5Flink=0. Updated October 2012. Accessed August 30, 2017.

    Metatarsal stress fractures. Sports injury website. Available at: http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/foot-heel-pain/metatarsal-fracture. Accessed August 30, 2017.

    Stress fracture. Merck Manual Professional Edition website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries%5Fpoisoning/sports%5Finjury/stress%5Ffractures.html. Updated October 2014. Accessed August 30, 2017.

    What is a stress fracture and how should it be treated? American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine website. Available at: http://www.aapsm.org/ct0398.html. Accessed August 30, 2017.

    4/24/2014 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114482/Decision-rules-for-imaging-of-ankle-and-foot-injuries: Wise JN, Weissman BN, et al. American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria for chronic foot pain. Available at: https://acsearch.acr.org/docs/69424/Narrative. Updated 2013. Accessed August 18, 2014.

    Revision Information

  • LiveWell personal health survey

    How healthy are you really? Find out – free.Learn more

    It's time to stop guessing. If you want to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.

  • HeartSHAPE Spotlight

    At risk for a heart attack? Learn more

    Fight heart disease and prevent heart attacks. HeartSHAPE® is a painless, non-invasive test that checks pictures of your heart for early-stage coronary disease.

  • Calories and Energy Needs

    Calorie NeedsLearn more

    How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.

  • Ideal Body Weight

    Ideal Body WeightLearn more

    Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.

  • Body Mass Index

    Body Mass IndexLearn more

    This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.

  • Can we help answer your questions?

    Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.