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Claims of e-cigarettes safety unproven at best, experts say. UK Health Care website. Available at: http://ukhealthcare.uky.edu/publications/AI/general/ecigarette.asp. Published December 7, 2009. Accessed June 27, 2011.
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E-cigarettes: questions and answers. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm225210.htm. Published September 9, 2010. Accessed June 27, 2011.
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Electronic cigarette—a potential health hazard. University Health Care website. Available at: http://healthcare.utah.edu/pharmacy/alerts/400.htm. Published July 28, 2009. Accessed June 27, 2011.
Electronic cigarettes. Tobacco Harm Reduction.org website. Available at: http://www.tobaccoharmreduction.org/faq/ecigs.htm. Accessed June 27, 2011.
Electronic cigarettes hold promise as aid to quitting. Boston University School of Public Health website. Available at: http://sph.bu.edu/insider/Recent-News/electronic-cigarettes-hold-promise-as-aid-to-quitting.html. Published February 8, 2011. Accessed June 27, 2011.
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FDA and public health experts warn about electronic cigarettes. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm173222.htm. Published July 22, 2009. Accessed June 27, 2011.
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Marketers of electronic cigarettes should halt unproved therapy claims. World Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2008/pr34/en/index.html. Updated September 19, 2008. Accessed June 27, 2011.
Study: e-cigarettes are unsafe & pose health risks. University of California Health website. Available at: http://health.universityofcalifornia.edu/2010/12/03/study-e-cigarettes-are-unsafe-pose-health-risks/. Published December 3, 2010. Accessed June 27, 2011.
What are electronic cigarettes? Are they safer than conventional cigarettes? Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/electronic-cigarettes/AN02025. Updated December 1, 2009. Accessed June 27, 2011.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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