American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org/
Planned Parenthood Federation of America http://www.plannedparenthood.org/
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org/index%5Fe.asp/
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca/index.cfm/
American Heart Association. High blood pressure in women. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=2123. Updated November 2, 2009. Accessed June 8, 2010.
Burkman R. Oral contraceptives: Current status.
Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Burkman R, Schlesselman JJ, Zieman M. Safety concerns and health benefits associated with oral contraception.
Am J Obstet and Gynecol.
DynaMed Editorial Team. Breast cancer (female). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated May 29, 2010. Accessed June 8, 2010.
DynaMed Editorial Team. Hypertension. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated May 29, 2010. Accessed June 8, 2010.
DynaMed Editorial Team. Osteoporosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated June 3, 2010. Accessed June 8, 2010.
Fact sheet: Oral contraceptives and cancer risk. National Cancer Institute website. Available at:
Family Doctor. Perimenopausal women and the use of very low-dose birth control pills. Family Doctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/women/reproductive/menopause/326.html. Updated February 2008. Accessed June 8, 2010.
IARC monographs programme finds combined estrogen-progestogen contraceptives and menopausal therapy are carcinogenic to humans. International Agency for Research on Cancer; July 29, 2005. Available at:
Jensen JT, Speroff L. Health benefits of oral contraceptives.
Obstet and Gynecol Clinics of North Am.
Mayo Clinic. Birth control. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/birth-control-pill/WO00098/NSECTIONGROUP=2. Updated May 22, 2009. Accessed June 8, 2010.
National Cancer Institute. Oral contraceptives and cancer risk: questions and answers. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/oral-contraceptives. Update May 4, 2006. Accessed June 8, 2010.
Norton A. Birth control pills may lower colon cancer risk. Reuters website. Available at: http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSKIM05941720080220. Published February 20, 2008. Accessed June 8, 2010.
Schneider HP, Mueck AO, Kuhl H. IARC monographs program on carcinogenicity of combined hormonal contraceptives and menopausal therapy.
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. SOGC position statement: the birth control pill and cancer. The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada website. Available at: http://www.sogc.org/media/guidelines-oc%5Fe.asp. Updated February 19, 2008. Accessed June 8, 2010.
Victory R, et al. Adverse cardiovascular disease outcomes are reduced in women with a history of oral contraceptive use: Results from the Women’s Health Initiative Database [abstract].
Fertility and Sterility.
Women's Health. The dangers of nicotine and birth control pills. Women's Health website. Available at: http://www.womens-health.co.uk/nicotine-and-birth-control-pills.html. Accessed June 8, 2010.
4/9/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance: Beral V, Hermon C, Kay C, Hannaford P, Darby S, Reeves G. Mortality associated with oral contraceptive use: 25 year follow up of cohort of 46 000 women from Royal College of General Practitioners' oral contraception study. BMJ. 1999;318:96-100.Hannaford PC, Iversen L, Macfarlane TV, Elliott AM, Angus V, Lee AJ. Mortality among contraceptive pill users: cohort evidence from Royal College of General Practitioners' Oral Contraception Study. BMJ. 2010 Mar 11;340:c927.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.
Maybe it's time to stop guessing. If you've been wanting to make some changes but just aren't sure how, the free personal health survey from LiveWell is a great place to start.
Fight heart disease early and prevent heart attacks with HeartSHAPE® - a painless, non-invasive test that takes pictures of your heart to scan for early-stage coronary disease.
How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.
Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.
This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.
Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.
You clicked on a link that will cause you to leave myWellmont.
For security purposes you will be signed out.