96740 Health Library | Health and Wellness | Wellmont Health System
  • Chronic Lymphadenitis

    (Lymph Node Infection; Lymph Gland Infection; Lymph Node Inflammation; Lymph Gland Inflammation)

    Definition

    Chronic lymphadenitis is inflammation or infection of a lymph node for an extended time. Lymph nodes are part of the immune system. This system fights and prevents infections. The lymph node’s job is to filter out unwanted substances, such as bacteria and viruses, and help eliminate them from the body.
    Lymph nodes occur in clusters in the neck, arm pits, and groin. Chronic lymphadenitis may affect one node, several nodes in one area, or nodes in many areas of the body.
    The sooner chronic lymphadenitis is treated, the more favorable the outcome, depending on the cause. If you suspect you have this condition, contact your doctor right away.
    Swollen Lymph Nodes
    IMAGE
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

    Causes

    Lymph nodes normally swell when fighting off an infection. In cases of more serious infection, the swelling may be prolonged. Lymphadenitis is usually caused by an infection that has spread to the lymph nodes from a skin, ear, nose, or eye infection. Other causes of lymphadenitis include:
    • Infection with streptococcal or staphylococcal bacteria
    • Tonsillitis
    • HIV infection
    • Genital herpes
    • Mononucleosis
    • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
    • Leukemia or lymphoma
    • Sickle cell anemia
    • Kawasaki disease

    Risk Factors

    Factors that may increase your chance of developing chronic lymphadenitis include:
    • Having one of the causes of lymphadenitis
    • Close contact with someone who has one of the causes of lymphadenitis
    • Age: 12 or younger
    • Contact with animals, specifically cats, rats, or cow

    Symptoms

    If you experience any of these symptoms, do not assume it is due to chronic lymphadenitis. These symptoms may be caused by other, less serious health conditions.
    Symptoms include:
    • Swollen, painful, tender, or hard lymph nodes/glands
    • The skin over a node is red and warm to the touch
    • Fever with the following symptoms:
      • Chills
      • Loss of appetite
      • Heavy perspiration
      • Rapid pulse
      • General weakness
    • Difficulty swallowing
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Neck stiffness

    Diagnosis

    Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
    Your bodily fluids and tissue may be tested. This can be done with:
    • Complete blood cell (CBC) count
    • Blood culture
    • Biopsy of the lymph node
    Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with ultrasound.

    Treatment

    Treatment of chronic lymphadenitis depends on the cause. Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:

    Medications

    • Antibiotics to control infection
    • Anti-inflammatory medications to help reduce inflammation and swelling; aspirin may be recommended for adults.
      • Note : Aspirin is not recommended for children or teens with a current or recent viral infection. This is because of the risk of Reye's syndrome . Ask your doctor which other medicines are safe for your child.
    • Other treatments specific to the diagnosis

    Supportive Care

    Hot, moist compresses on the lymph nodes can help relieve pain.

    Surgery

    Surgery may be necessary to drain pockets of pus if they occur.

    Prevention

    To help reduce your chances of getting chronic lymphadenitis, take the following steps:
    • Seek prompt treatment of bacterial and viral infections. Contact your doctor at the first signs of infection.
    • Take steps to prevent getting an infection:
      • Practice good hygiene practices, such as washing your hands regularly.
      • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
      • Eat a healthful diet that is low in saturated fat and rich in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.

    RESOURCES

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov

    National Institutes of Health http://www.nlm.nih.gov

    CANADIAN RESOURCES

    Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

    Healthy U http://www.healthyalberta.com

    References

    Lymphadenopathy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 19, 2012. Accessed April 3, 2013.

    Lymphadenitis/lymphadenopathy. Children's Healthcare of Atlanta website. Available at: http://www.choa.org/Menus/Documents/Wellness/teachingsheets/lymphade.pdf . Accessed April 3, 2013.

    Revision Information

  • Join WellZones today.

    Make a Change For LifeLearn more

    Wellmont LiveWell is creating a new tradition of wellness in the mountains by providing individuals with tools and encouragement to live healthier lifestyles.

  • HeartSHAPE Spotlight

    At risk for a heart attack? Learn more

    Fight heart disease early and prevent heart attacks with HeartSHAPE® - a painless, non-invasive test that takes pictures of your heart to scan for early-stage coronary disease.

  • Calories and Energy Needs

    Calorie NeedsLearn more

    How many calories do you need to eat each day to maintain your weight and fuel your physical activity? Enter a few of your stats into this calculator to find out.

  • Ideal Body Weight

    Ideal Body WeightLearn more

    Using body mass index as a reference, this calculator determines your ideal body weight range. All you need to do is enter your height.

  • Body Mass Index

    Body Mass IndexLearn more

    This tool considers your height and weight to assess your weight status.


  • Can we help answer your questions?

    Wellmont Nurse Connection is your resource for valuable health information any time, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Speak to a Nurse any time, day or night, at (423) 723-6877 or toll-free at 1-877-230-NURSE.