• May 2013 Briefing - Radiology

    Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for May 2013. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
    Spectroscopy Technique Accurate in Breast Lesion Diagnosis
    FRIDAY, May 31 (HealthDay News) -- A Raman spectroscopy technique can very accurately diagnose breast lesions and detect microcalcifications in core needle biopsies, according to a study published in the June 1 issue of Cancer Research.
    Abstract (http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/73/11/3206.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/73/11/3206.full )
    One-Third of Medical Students Have Implicit Anti-Fat Bias
    THURSDAY, May 30 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-third of medical students have a significant implicit anti-fat bias that few are aware of, according to a study published in the July issue of Academic Medicine.
    Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Abstract/publishahead/Are_Medical_Students_Aware_of_Their_Anti_obesity.99382.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Abstract/publishahead/Are_Medical_Students_Aware_of_Their_Anti_obesity.99382.aspx )
    Odds of Mortality Up With Elective Surgery on Friday, Weekend
    THURSDAY, May 30 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing elective surgery, the odds of death are significantly increased for those who undergo the procedure on Friday or at the weekend, compared with Monday, according to research published online May 28 in BMJ.
    Full Text (http://www.bmj.com/content/346/bmj.f2424 )Editorial (http://www.bmj.com/content/346/bmj.f3353 )
    2012 AMA Report Highlights Progress Toward Better Future
    THURSDAY, May 30 (HealthDay News) -- Given the changes in America's health care system and challenges facing physicians, in 2012, the American Medical Association (AMA) focused on creating a better future for the nations' patients, physicians, and medical students, according to their annual report.
    More Information (http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/about-ama/ama-annual-report.page )
    Doc Passengers Assist in Half of In-Flight Medical Emergencies
    WEDNESDAY, May 29 (HealthDay News) -- Physician passengers provide medical assistance in about half of in-flight medical emergencies, which are most commonly related to syncope, respiratory symptoms, or gastrointestinal symptoms, according to a study published in the May 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
    Abstract (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1212052 )Full Text (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1212052#t=article )
    Enrollment in U.S. Medical Colleges Is Increasing
    WEDNESDAY, May 29 (HealthDay News) -- Enrollment in U.S. medical colleges is increasing, but there is concern about the adequacy of training opportunities, according to a report published by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).
    More Information (https://members.aamc.org/eweb/upload/12-237%20EnrollmSurvey2013.pdf )
    Transparency Key to Improving Value Care for Patients
    WEDNESDAY, May 29 (HealthDay News) -- In order to ensure the provision of higher quality care and cost control in a post-Affordable Care Act health care system, data on price, utilization, and quality should be made publicly available unless there is a compelling publicly-acceptable justification for keeping it confidential, according to a study published online May 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
    Full Text (http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=1691701 )
    HHS: End-of-2013 Targets for EHR Use Already Reached
    TUESDAY, May 28 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) has already met and exceeded its goal for 50 percent of physician offices and 80 percent of eligible hospitals to have electronic health records (EHRs) by the end of 2013, according to a report published by the department.
    More Information (http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2013pres/05/20130522a.html )
    Docs Anticipating Changes Ahead As ACA Progresses
    MONDAY, May 27 (HealthDay News) -- Most physicians expect the Affordable Care Act (ACA) to continue as planned and expect further integration in the coming years, according to a report published by Deloitte.
    More Information (http://www.deloitte.com/view/en_US/us/Insights/centers/center-for-health-solutions/a5ee019120e6d310VgnVCM1000003256f70aRCRD.htm?id=us_furl_2013physciansurvey_031813 )
    Digital Breast Tomosynthesis May Improve Cancer Detection
    FRIDAY, May 24 (HealthDay News) -- Digital breast tomosynthesis, which produces three-dimensional images of the breast, may be more accurate than mammography in detecting breast cancer but may also expose women to more radiation, according to a technology assessment published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.
    Abstract (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2013/06000/Technology_Assessment_No__9___Digital_Breast.45.aspx )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2013/06000/Technology_Assessment_No__9___Digital_Breast.45.aspx )
    About One in Four Uninsured Could Be Excluded From ACA
    FRIDAY, May 24 (HealthDay News) -- More than one in four of those eligible for new premium assistance tax credits under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) do not have a checking account and will not be able to receive premiums from insurance companies, according to a report published by Jackson Hewitt.
    More Information (http://jacksonhewittaca.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/ACA-Banking-and-Premium-Report.pdf )
    Data Support Basing Health Decisions on Both Benefit, Cost
    FRIDAY, May 24 (HealthDay News) -- Person-level health care expenditures per month of health status-adjusted life expectancy are much higher for adults aged 85 years and older than for 0- to 14-year-olds, but despite spending much more on health care, the aging population gets substantially less value for that spending in terms of quality and quantity of life expectancy, according to a study published in the Spring issue of the Michigan Journal of Public Affairs.
    Full Text (http://www.mjpa.umich.edu/uploads/2013/davswin.pdf )
    Study Supports Link Between Child CT Exposure, Cancer Risk
    THURSDAY, May 23 (HealthDay News) -- Irradiation from diagnostic computed tomography (CT) scans is associated with an increased risk of cancer among children and adolescents exposed to CT, according to a large study published online May 21 in BMJ.
    Full Text (http://www.bmj.com/content/346/bmj.f2360 )Editorial (http://www.bmj.com/content/346/bmj.f3102 )
    Dual-Source Cardiac CT IDs CAD in Hard-to-Image Patients
    THURSDAY, May 23 (HealthDay News) -- In patients who have previously been considered difficult to image, dual-source cardiac (DSC) computed tomography (CT) can identify clinically significant coronary artery disease, according to a review published in the May issue of Radiology.
    Abstract (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/387.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/387.full )
    National Lung Screening Trial Results As Expected
    WEDNESDAY, May 22 (HealthDay News) -- The initial results from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) concur with the literature, with more positive screening results, diagnostic procedures, and lung cancers detected with low-dose computed tomography (CT) versus chest radiography screening, according to research published in the May 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
    Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1209120?query=featured_home )
    CT Radiation Risk Less Than Risk of Examination Indicator
    MONDAY, May 20 (HealthDay News) -- For young adults needing either a chest or abdominopelvic computed tomography (CT), the short-term risk of death from underlying morbidity is greater than the long-term risk of radiation-induced cancer, according to a study published in the May issue of Radiology.
    Abstract (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/460.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/460.full )
    Digital Divide Exists With Physician EHR Adoption
    MONDAY, May 20 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of physicians remain reluctant to adopt health information technology (HIT), according to a report by Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu.
    Report (http://www.deloitte.com/assets/Dcom-UnitedStates/Local%20Assets/Documents/Health%20Care%20Provider/us_dchs_2013PhysicianSurveyHIT_051313%20(2).pdf )
    CT Usage in Pediatric Trauma Cases Stable in Recent Years
    THURSDAY, May 16 (HealthDay News) -- From 2008 to 2010, computed tomography (CT) usage in hospitalized pediatric trauma cases was stable or decreased slightly, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Radiology.
    Abstract (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/479.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/479.full )
    Overinterpretation Common in Diagnostic Accuracy Studies
    WEDNESDAY, May 15 (HealthDay News) -- Roughly three in 10 diagnostic accuracy studies published in journals with impact factors of four or higher have overinterpretation, according to a review published in the May issue of Radiology.
    Abstract (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/581.abstract )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/581.full )Editorial (subscription or payment may be required) (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/324.extract?sid=86c4c27b-a231-4b43-b742-818206781753 )
    SPACE, RF Ablation Combo Safe and Effective for Lung Cancer
    WEDNESDAY, May 15 (HealthDay News) -- For unresectable lung tumors, the combination of segmental pulmonary arterial chemoembolization (SPACE) and percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation helps achieve better local tumor progression rates than RF ablation alone, according to a study published in the May issue of Radiology.
    Abstract (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/627.abstract?sid=b88b4b49-03da-40af-a95b-4395f074bdc8 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/627.full )
    User Satisfaction With Electronic Health Records Down
    FRIDAY, May 10 (HealthDay News) -- Since 2010, there has been a decrease in the satisfaction and usability ratings for certified electronic health records (EHRs), according to survey results presented by the American College of Physicians (ACP) and AmericanEHR Partners.
    More Information (http://www.americanehr.com/about/news/13-03-05/Survey-of-Clinicians-User-satisfaction-with-electronic-health-records-has-decreased-since-2010.aspx )
    Poor Service, Bedside Manner Top Patients' Online Complaints
    FRIDAY, May 10 (HealthDay News) -- On "rate-your-doctor" websites, patients complain more about poor bedside manner and unprofessional office staff than inadequate medical skills, according to a recent multi-city study published by Vanguard Communications.
    More Information (http://vanguardcommunications.net/about/survey-results-2013/ )
    Smartphones, Smartphone Apps Increasingly Used by Docs
    THURSDAY, May 9 (HealthDay News) -- Smartphones and smartphone applications are increasingly being used in a professional capacity among physicians, according to two reports published in the March issue of Kantar Media Sources & Interactions Study-Medical/Surgical Edition.
    Report 1 (http://www.kantarmedia-healthcare.com/how-are-physicians-using-smartphones-for-professional-purposes )Report 2 (http://www.kantarmedia-healthcare.com/more-physicians-value-and-use-mobile-apps-for-professional-purposes )
    HHS Releases Data on Inpatient Charges for Hospital Services
    THURSDAY, May 9 (HealthDay News) -- To promote transparency in the health care system, the first part of a three-part initiative has been released by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The report provides consumers with information on hospital charges and highlights the considerable variation across the country for common inpatient services.
    More Information (http://www.cms.gov/apps/media/press/factsheet.asp?Counter=4597&intNumPerPage=10&checkDate=&checkKey=&srchType=1&numDays=3500&srchOpt=0&srchData=&keywordType=All&chkNewsType=6&intPage=&showAll=&pYear=&year=&desc=&cboOrder=date )
    Application for Health Coverage Has Been Simplified, Shortened
    WEDNESDAY, May 8 (HealthDay News) -- The application for health insurance coverage has been simplified and shortened, with the application reduced to three pages for individuals, according to a report released April 30 by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS).
    More Information (https://www.cms.gov/apps/media/press/release.asp?Counter=4590&intNumPerPage=10&checkDate=&checkKey=&srchType=1&numDays=3500&s )
    Patients Most Annoyed by Long Waits, Unclear Test Results
    FRIDAY, May 3 (HealthDay News) -- Long waiting times and unclear test results are the top patient grievances when it comes to visiting the doctor, according to a report published in the June issue of Consumer Reports.
    More Information (http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/magazine/2013/06/what-bugs-you-most-about-your-doctor/index.htm )
    Health Industry Payment Details to Be Publicly Available
    THURSDAY, May 2 (HealthDay News) -- As part of the National Physician Payment Transparency Program and in compliance with a provision in the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the government will make information about financial relationships between doctors, teaching hospitals, and drug and device manufacturers publicly available on a new Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services website, according to a report published by Kaiser Health News.
    More Information (http://capsules.kaiserhealthnews.org/index.php/2013/04/new-website-will-disclose-health-%20industry-payments-to-doctors/ )
    Breast Implants May Impair Breast CA Diagnosis, Prognosis
    WEDNESDAY, May 1 (HealthDay News) -- Women who have received cosmetic breast implants may have an increased risk of diagnosis at a non-localized stage of breast cancer, and seem to have worse breast cancer survival, according to research published online April 30 in BMJ.
    Full Text (http://www.bmj.com/content/346/bmj.f2399 )
    Young Vets With PTSD Receive More CT Scans
    WEDNESDAY, May 1 (HealthDay News) -- Computed tomography (CT) scans are significantly more commonly used in young veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to young veterans without PTSD, according to research published in the May issue of Radiology.
    Abstract (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/470.abstract?sid=e140d882-c601-43b5-8aa4-992f36ceb148 )Full Text (subscription or payment may be required) (http://radiology.rsna.org/content/267/2/470.full )
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