OrthoInfo—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.org
Sports Med—American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine http://www.sportsmed.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114675/Anterior-cruciate-ligament-ACL-injury. Updated August 18, 2015. Accessed September 30, 2016.
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00549. Updated March 2014. Accessed February 29, 2016.
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries: treatment and rehabilitation. Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine and Science website. Available at:
http://sportsci.org/encyc/aclinj/aclinj.html. Updated April 18, 1998. Accessed February 29, 2016.
ACL Injury: Does It Require Surgery? American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00297. Updated September 2009. Accessed February 29, 2016.
Griffin LY, Agel J, et al.
Noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries: risk factors and prevention strategies.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg.
Knee sprains and meniscal injuries. Merck Manual for Health Care Professionals. Available at:
http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries%5Fpoisoning/fractures%5Fdislocations%5Fand%5Fsprains/knee%5Fsprains%5Fand%5Fmeniscal%5Finjuries.html. Updated December 2014. Accessed February 29, 2016.
Ligament injuries to the knee. John Hopkins Medicine website. Available at.
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/adult/orthopaedic%5Fdisorders/ligament%5Finjuries%5Fto%5Fthe%5Fknee%5F85,P00926. Accessed February 29, 2016.
7/6/2009 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114675/Anterior-cruciate-ligament-ACL-injury: Prodromos CC, Han Y, et al. A meta-analysis of the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament tears as a function of gender, sport, and a knee injury-reduction regimen.
5/12/2014 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114675/Anterior-cruciate-ligament-ACL-injury: Anterior cruciate ligament injuries: Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Pediatrics. 2014 Apr [Epub ahead of print].
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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