American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases https://www.niddk.nih.gov
Canadian Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Diabetic neuropathies: the nerve damage of diabetes. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
Updated November 2013. Accessed September 19, 2017.
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115259/Diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy. Updated July 27, 2017. Accessed August 24, 2017.
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Semin Neurol. 2015 Aug;35(4):424-30.
Russell J, Zilliox L. Diabetic neuropathies.
Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2014 Oct;20(5 Peripheral Nervous System Disorders):1226-40.
Types of peripheral neuropathy: pre-diabetic/diabetic
University of Chicago Center for Peripheral Neuropathy website.
Available at: http://peripheralneuropathycenter.uchicago.edu/learnaboutpn/typesofpn/diabetes/diabetes.shtml. Updated May 16, 2010. Accessed September 19, 2017.
2/4/2010 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115259/Diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy: Dubinsky RM, Miyasaki J. Assessment: efficacy of transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation in the treatment of pain in neurologic disorders (an evidence-based review): report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology.
6/16/2015 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115259/Diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy: Macaré van Maurik JF, Oomen RT, et al. The effect of lower extremity nerve decompression on health-related quality of life and perception of pain in patients with painful diabetic polyneuropathy: a prospective randomized trial. Diabet Med. 2015;32(6):803-809.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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